Timeline: Week one of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine | Russia-Ukraine war News

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is about to enter its second week with no indicators of an imminent ceasefire, regardless of a flood of Western sanctions focusing on the Russian economic system.

Within the days since Russian troops started their offensive final Thursday, the violence has intensified in a number of main Ukrainian cities, prompting lots of of hundreds of individuals to flee the nation in the hunt for security.

Ukrainian officers say deaths and accidents are mounting as Russian forces launch renewed assaults and an infinite army convoy edges nearer to the capital, Kyiv.

Right here, Al Jazeera seems on the days main as much as Russia’s invasion, the worldwide response, and key occasions which have marked the struggle thus far:

February 21: Russian President Vladimir Putin recognises Luhansk and Donetsk, two separatist areas in jap Ukraine, as unbiased states and orders Russian troops to behave as “peacekeepers” there.

The US forbids investments within the areas, whereas Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy urges individuals to stay calm, saying, “We’re not afraid of anybody or something.”

February 22: The Russian parliament authorises Putin to make use of army pressure exterior the nation. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken cancels a gathering along with his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov.

The US locations full blocking sanctions on the Kremlin-controlled VEB financial institution and PSB financial institution, with the US Treasury saying the transfer constrains “Russia’s means to finance defense-related contracts and lift new funds to finance its marketing campaign towards Ukraine”.

Russia is barred from promoting sovereign bonds on US cash markets, and oligarchs near Putin have their US-held property seized. The US additionally strikes army property from Germany to the Baltic States. “We nonetheless consider that Russia is poised to go a lot additional in launching an enormous army assault towards Ukraine,” US President Joe Biden says.

Germany instantly halts the method of certifying the Nord Stream 2, a Russian-owned pipeline that’s meant to pump Russian fuel to the nation.

February 23: Ukraine declares a nationwide state of emergency.

UN Secretary-Common Antonio Guterres tells the Common Meeting the world is “going through a second of peril” over the Ukraine-Russia disaster.

The European Union freezes the property of 351 Duma (Russia’s decrease home of parliament) members, barring them from loans and journey, and calls an emergency summit over the scenario. Biden permits sanctions to maneuver forward towards the corporate that constructed Nord Stream 2.

February 24: Russia launches a full-scale assault on Ukraine.

Zelenskyy orders a common mobilisation, calling on all Ukrainians who’re able to defend their nation to come back ahead. Biden calls Russia’s invasion a “premeditated assault”.

The US bars 5 extra Russian banks from the US monetary system, and freezes 4 of the 5 banks’ US-held property. The fifth establishment, Sberbank, Russia’s largest financial institution, can be barred from the US monetary system, however its property should not frozen.

Commerce within the debt and fairness of 13 banks and state-owned enterprises can be banned within the US. The US could not export delicate applied sciences to Russia in avionics, semiconductors, telecommunications and different areas. Moscow’s inventory trade plummets by an unprecedented 45 %.

The European Council holds an emergency session to sentence Russia’s “unprovoked and unjustified army aggression”.

February 25: Russian forces press in the direction of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, because the United Nations says greater than 50,000 individuals have fled the nation because the begin of Moscow’s invasion.

The European Union agrees to position Putin and Lavrov on its record of sanctioned people. Russia vetoes a UN Safety Council decision demanding it unconditionally withdraw its troops from Ukraine.

February 26: The mayor of Kyiv imposes a curfew within the Ukrainian capital as Russian troops advance in the direction of the town. Poland says about 100,000 individuals have crossed into the nation from Ukraine amid the preventing.

Zelenskyy refuses a US supply to evacuate, saying, “the combat is right here.” He additionally refutes Russian reviews that he fled the capital, posting a video of himself with senior cupboard members on the streets of Kyiv, saying they had been becoming a member of the combat for his or her nation.

The EU says it should take measures to forestall Russia’s central financial institution from utilizing its estimated $630bn in reserves to finance the struggle and undermine the influence of sanctions.

February 27: European Fee chief Ursula von der Leyen declares that Russian plane might be banned from EU airspace, and Russian state-owned media Russia Right now, Sputnik and their subsidiaries are banned from EU airwaves and the web.

The EU additionally says it should bar chosen Russian banks from the SWIFT interbank transaction system, basically slicing them off from the worldwide monetary system.

Norway’s $1.3-trillion sovereign wealth fund says it should pull out of all 47 of its Russian investments, valued at $2.8bn. Its greatest stake is in Sberbank, which was earlier sanctioned by the US and EU.

Main oil firm BP says it should extricate itself from a virtually 20 % stake in Rosneft, Russia’s state oil big, because of the nation’s army motion in Ukraine. The stake is valued at $14bn and accounts for about half of BP’s oil and fuel reserves.

Russian troops press in the direction of three Ukrainian cities: Kyiv, Kharkiv and Kherson. They seem to face stiff resistance that US officers say is slowing their advance. The Ukrainian defence ministry says it estimates Russian losses at 4,500 males killed, 150 tanks and 700 armoured personnel carriers destroyed, and 7 fighter jets and 26 helicopters downed.

February 28: In a largely symbolic transfer, Ukraine applies to hitch EU.

Russia and Ukraine maintain a primary spherical of ceasefire talks on the Belarusian border. They disband after 5 hours with out an settlement.

Russian shelling kilos Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second-largest metropolis, residence to 1.5 million individuals. Russian artillery bombards residential districts, killing not less than 11 individuals, in line with Ukrainian officers. Zeleknsyy says the Russian plan is to terrorise the nation’s civilian inhabitants.

Russia’s everlasting consultant to the UN Safety Council denies that Russian troops are focusing on civilians, saying, “We hear lies and deceit concerning the indiscriminate shelling of Ukrainian amenities, hospitals and colleges … the Russian military doesn’t threaten civilians in Ukraine; it doesn’t shell civilian infrastructure.”

The UN Common Meeting begins its first emergency assembly in a long time to debate Russia’s invasion, with Secretary-Common Antonio Guterres saying the trail to diplomacy should stay open. Greater than 500,000 Ukrainians have fled the nation, the UN additionally says.

Oil big Shell says it should withdraw from joint initiatives with Gazprom, the Russian fuel monopoly. Shell’s fairness in these initiatives is valued at $3bn. It says it should additionally finish its involvement in Nord Stream 2.

The impact of barring Russian banks from SWIFT is felt, because the rouble tumbles 30 %, forcing Putin to situation a decree imposing capital controls. Russians are prohibited from transferring cash or making mortgage funds overseas, although the central financial institution a day later clarifies that exterior debt may nonetheless be paid. Russians line up exterior banks to make withdrawals.

The EU – together with the US and different allies – locations a ban on transactions with the Russian Central Financial institution, that means funds to Russian firms and entities can’t be despatched.

INTERACTIVE- Airspace closures for Russian aircraft
(Al Jazeera)

March 1: A 65km-long Russian convoy amasses on the outskirts of Kyiv.

Strain additionally will increase on Kharkiv and Mariupol within the east, and Kherson within the south of the nation. A Russian missile strikes the sq. in entrance of the Kharkiv administrative constructing, blowing off its roof and gutting it. Zelenskyy calls the assault “frank, undisguised terror”.

Human Rights Watch reviews that Russians are utilizing cluster bombs towards civilians. Ukrainian officers additionally accuse Russia of focusing on a tv tower in Kyiv in an assault that killed 5 individuals.

The Russian invasion of Ukraine dominates the early elements of Biden’s first State of the Union deal with. The US president declares the nation will shut American airspace to Russian flights and guarantees that Putin pays a “persevering with worth” for the struggle.

Zelenskyy calls on Western nations to think about imposing a no-fly zone for Russian plane. The US dismisses the request, with White Home press secretary Jen Psaki saying the transfer may draw Washington right into a direct battle with Moscow.

March 2: The UN Common Meeting approves a non-binding decision condemning Russia for its invasion of Ukraine and demanding an instantaneous withdrawal. The decision is supported by 141 of the meeting’s 193 members. Thirty-five member states, together with China, abstain.

Russia claims its forces have captured Kherson, in southern Ukraine. Native authorities deny the town has fallen, however say Russian troops have encircled it.

Russia’s negotiator says a second spherical of talks will happen on Thursday, however Ukraine casts doubt on the plan. The UN says greater than 870,000 individuals have fled Ukraine because the invasion started.

The US declares the creation of a brand new process pressure – dubbed “KleptoCapture” – aimed toward holding Russian oligarchs accountable and guaranteeing {that a} collection of US sanctions imposed over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine are being enforced.

Interactive showing how countries voted.
[Al Jazeera]

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