UAE stance on Ukraine war reflects ‘strong alliance’ with Russia | Russia-Ukraine war News

Because the Western world strikes to diplomatically isolate Russia amid widespread international condemnation over its conflict on Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) stands out as one of some international locations eager to take care of a impartial, if not supportive, stance in direction of Moscow.

On Wednesday, it was amongst an awesome majority of states that backed a decision at an emergency session of the United Nations Basic Meeting (UNGA) reprimanding Russia over its invasion of Ukraine and demanding Moscow instantly withdraw its forces.

That stood in stark distinction with its determination on Friday throughout a UN Safety Council (UNSC) assembly to abstain from a vote on the same textual content.

In a Twitter put up on Sunday, UAE presidential adviser Anwar Gargash stated the Gulf state “believes that taking sides would solely result in extra violence” and that the UAE’s precedence was to “encourage all events to resort to diplomatic motion”.

Not like UNGA resolutions – which have political weight however are usually non-binding – these adopted by the UNSC, the place Russia has veto energy, are extra consequential.

“Proper now, we recognise that this decision adopted right here in the present day is a vital sign of the place we should be going,” the UAE’s UN envoy Lana Nusseibeh stated on Wednesday, a day after calling for “house for a diplomatic off-ramp” to be maintained and “channels” to stay open.

In accordance with Andreas Krieg, an affiliate professor on the College of Safety Research at King’s Faculty London, the UAE’s disparate votes replicate a “balancing act” it has chosen to undertake in direction of the Ukraine-Russia disaster and wider overseas coverage points.

Highlighting the UAE’s keenness to assist Russia whereas showing impartial within the battle, Krieg identified that its vote in favour of the extra symbolic UNGA decision was as a result of it was “much less prone to antagonise Russia” in comparison with the UNSC one.

U.S. Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield speaks at the 11th emergency special session of the 193-member U.N. General Assembly on Russia's invasion of Ukraine, at the United Nations
The UNGA overwhelmingly voted in favour of a decision condemning Russia’s invasion of Ukraine [File: Carlo Allegri/Reuters]

Balancing act

Though the UAE, which this month assumed the UNSC’s presidency, has lengthy been a US ally that supported its regional and worldwide insurance policies, analysts say its stance on the disaster raging in Europe underlines a shift and an try and steadiness relations in a brand new world order the place Moscow – and Beijing – are equally necessary for the Gulf state.

“Abu Dhabi seeks to conduct a versatile overseas coverage by which its relationships are diversified past the UAE’s Western partnerships,” stated Giorgio Cafiero, CEO and founding father of Gulf State Analytics, a geopolitical threat consultancy targeted on the Gulf area.

“Trying forward, it expects China, Russia and India to play extra influential roles as rising international powers filling a void left by the People.”

Final week, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken known as the UAE’s Minister of Overseas Affairs Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan to spotlight the “significance of constructing a powerful worldwide response to assist Ukrainian sovereignty”.

However by abstaining from Friday’s vote, the UAE selected not to reply to Washington’s pleas. And on Thursday, Yousef al-Otaiba, the UAE ambassador to the US, acknowledged that the connection between Abu Dhabi and Washington was going by means of “a stress take a look at”, however expressed confidence each would “get out of it”.

Cafiero stated that as a result of the UAE sees Russia as a key associate, it has been “rigorously navigating the Ukraine battle” in order to keep away from issues with Moscow which may hurt their relationship “simply to please Washington”.

Reflecting this balancing act, the UAE on Thursday stated Ukrainian nationals may get visas on arrival, an obvious reversal of a choice earlier this week to droop visa waivers for Ukrainians as a couple of million individuals flee the conflict.

On Wednesday, the UAE additionally introduced it will present $5m in humanitarian help to Ukrainian civilians in response to an enchantment by the UN Human Rights Council.

An armed man stands at Independence Sq. (Maidan) within the centre of Kyiv [File: Efrem Lukatsky/AP]

Sturdy ties, deep alliance

In accordance with Matthew Hedges, a PhD scholar at Durham College with a concentrate on the Gulf area, the UAE’s latest actions “solely improve consciousness of Abu Dhabi’s robust alliance with Moscow.”

Krieg agreed that because the UAE “more and more pivots away from the West and liberal world order to a brand new order which incorporates China and Russia”, it views its ties with Moscow as “crucial” and itself “as a geostrategic and geopolitical associate of Russia”.

On the identical time, “the UAE is a key enabler of Russia within the Center East”, Krieg famous, including that UAE assist has been necessary to Russia’s roles in Libya and Syria, and involvement in Yemen and sub-Saharan Africa.

In accordance with a November 2020 report issued by the US Pentagon’s inspector basic for counterterrorism operations in Africa, the UAE was suspected of being a big supply of finance for the Russian mercenary group Wagner in Libya.

Russia, which deployed greater than 63,000 Russian navy personnel to Syria, has been a staunch ally of President Bashar al-Assad throughout the nation’s decade lengthy conflict. Its intervention in 2015 by launching air assaults in assist of al-Assad marked a turning level within the battle and enabled pro-government forces to wrest again misplaced territory from rebels.

Krieg defined, nonetheless, that regardless of this partnership, the UAE was unlikely to intervene instantly in Ukraine, however would as an alternative assist Russia by serving to its “oligarchs and the deep state round Putin … to bypass sanctions”.

Canada, the EU, the UK, the US, amongst others, unveiled a collection of sanctions towards Russia over the previous week, concentrating on banks, oil refineries and navy exports.

Original technique predicts and guides the ordered creation of strong, yet flexible, diamond nanothreads — ScienceDaily

As laborious as diamond and as versatile as plastic, extremely sought-after diamond nanothreads can be poised to revolutionize our world — in the event that they weren’t so tough to make.

Lately, a group of scientists led by Carnegie’s Samuel Dunning and Timothy Strobel developed an authentic method that predicts and guides the ordered creation of robust, but versatile, diamond nanothreads, surmounting a number of current challenges. The innovation will make it simpler for scientists to synthesize the nanothreads — an vital step towards making use of the fabric to sensible issues sooner or later. The work was just lately printed within the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Diamond nanothreads are ultra-thin, one-dimensional carbon chains, tens of 1000’s of instances thinner than a human hair. They’re typically created by compressing smaller carbon-based rings collectively to type the identical sort of bond that makes diamonds the toughest mineral on our planet.

Nonetheless, as an alternative of the 3D-carbon lattice present in a standard diamond, the perimeters of those threads are “capped” with carbon-hydrogen bonds, which make the entire construction versatile.

Dunning explains: “As a result of the nanothreads solely have these bonds in a single path, they will bend and flex in ways in which regular diamonds cannot.”

Scientists predict that the distinctive properties of carbon nanothreads may have a variety of helpful functions from offering sci-fi-like scaffolding on house elevators to creating ultra-strong materials. Nonetheless, scientists have had a tough time creating sufficient nanothread materials to really take a look at their proposed superpowers.

“If we need to design supplies for particular functions,” says Dunning, “it is important for us to exactly perceive the construction and bonding of the nanothreads we’re making. This thread directing technique actually permits us to try this!”

One of many largest challenges is getting the carbon atoms to react in a predictable manner. In nanothreads made out of benzene and different six-atom rings, every carbon atom can endure chemical reactions with completely different neighbors. This results in many attainable reactions competing with each other and many alternative nanothread configurations. This uncertainty is among the largest hurdles scientists face to synthesize nanothreads the place the exact chemical construction could be decided.

Dunning’s group decided that including nitrogen to the ring instead of carbon would possibly assist information the response down a predictable pathway. They selected to start out their work with pyridazine — a six atom ring made up of 4 carbons and two nitrogens — and started engaged on a pc mannequin. Dunning labored with Bo Chen, Donostia Worldwide Physics Middle, and Li Zhu, Assistant Professor at Rutgers and Carnegie Alum, to simulate how pyridazine molecules behave at excessive stress.

“In our system, we use two nitrogen atoms to take away two attainable response websites from the ring system. This dramatically reduces the variety of attainable reactions,” says Dunning.

After operating a number of pc simulations displaying profitable nanothread formation at excessive stress, they have been able to take the experiment to the lab.

The group took a drop of pyridazine and loaded it right into a diamond anvil cell — a tool that permits scientists to provide excessive pressures by compressing samples between the tiny suggestions of extra conventional diamonds. Utilizing infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, they monitored modifications within the pyridazine’s chemical construction as much as about 300,000 instances regular atmospheric stress searching for the creation of recent bonds.

Once they noticed the bonds forming, they realized they’d efficiently predicted and created the primary pyridazine diamond nanothread within the lab.

“Our response pathway produces an extremely orderly nanothread,” stated Dunning. “The power to include different atoms into the nanothread spine, information the response, and perceive the nanothread’s chemical atmosphere will save researchers invaluable time in growing nanothread know-how.”

This strategy of utilizing these non-carbon atoms to information the formation of nanothreads, which Dunning calls “thread directing,” is a major step in the direction of a future the place scientists can predictably create these supplies and use them for superior functions. Now that this artificial technique has been found, Dunning plans to determine and take a look at the various attainable nanothread precursors.

He can also’t wait to start out placing the pyridazine nanothreads by way of their paces.

Dunning concluded, “Now that we all know we are able to make this materials, we have to begin making sufficient to study sufficient to find out mechanical, optical, and digital properties!”

7 Tips to Strengthen Literacy and End the School Year Strong

COVID-19 has had a disproportionate and traumatic affect on Black college students, households, and communities — and educators have been working onerous to shut widening gaps. For a lot of, strengthening scholar literacy within the classroom is prime of thoughts. Drawing from her new guide, “Literacy Is Liberation: Working Towards Justice By Culturally Related Educating” (ASCD, 2022), literacy skilled Kim Parker supplies sensible suggestions for educators to domesticate a love of studying amongst their BIPOC college students.

Threatening teachers is no way to build a strong educational system.

Threatening lecturers isn’t any technique to construct a powerful academic system.

(Francisco Kjolseth | The Salt Lake Tribune) Highland excessive trainer Brock Edwards joins different educators, mother and father and public faculty advocates as they rally on the steps of the Utah Capitol on Tuesday, Feb. 22, 2022. Advocates really feel many anti-public faculty measures have been made by the Legislature this yr.

Too many members of the Utah Legislature fail to spot that every new assault on the professionalism, independence and funding of the state’s educators can do nothing however hurt the kids who spend a lot of their younger lives in these lecturers’ cost.

Or possibly they do see it, however they don’t care. The politicians and activists maybe simply have an excessive amount of to achieve from bashing lecturers and giving undeserved credence to wild rumors about nefarious goings-on in lecture rooms, labs and libraries.

To listen to a few of our political class inform it, public faculties are hotbeds of anti-Caucasian rebel, communism and homosexual intercourse. Appearing on these absurd beliefs isn’t just a waste of time and assets, it might probably solely serve to undermine public religion in an establishment that’s on the core of a civilized society.

It’s not that the reply to the numerous woes of public training is simply to throw extra money at it. It isn’t. And it’s not that our faculties don’t, any lower than another human establishment, have issues, weak hyperlinks, poor performers and a necessity for oversight. They do.

However there’s a enormous hole between affordable legislative oversight and the present wave of right-wing activism that serves no function aside from to trigger mother and father, taxpayers and employers to show their backs on public training and begin placing their religion and our cash into options. Options that, at greatest, will draw assets away from faculties that can all the time have the job of training the overwhelming majority of our youngsters and that, at worst, will search to protect coming generations from the understanding of the broader world they won’t solely dwell in, however be anticipated to run.

Heidi Matthews, president of the Utah Training Affiliation, mentioned 93% of her members are taking a look at quitting the occupation after the present faculty yr. It’s not simply the unhealthy pay, which has all the time been a given for lecturers in Utah, however the overt ranges of disrespect from lawmakers, activists and much too many mother and father — most of whom are clueless about what goes on in a faculty from day after day.

Even when Matthews’ determine is exaggerated, it nonetheless factors to an issue that can cripple our system of public training and handicap kids particularly and our tradition and economic system typically. An issue that received’t be solved by harassing educators and reducing spending.

Utah will not be alone in affected by a transfer amongst its politicians to win votes and lift cash by pretending to face between harmless kids and an academic system that, in these activists’ fevered imaginations, exists to make white kids really feel inferior, to undermine their perception in the US as excellent and unsurpassed and to exchange the morals and requirements of their mother and father with some unique perception system that entails a number of gender switching.

The 2022 session of the Utah Legislature started with an unwise transfer to chop greater than $160 million in revenue tax income, the stream devoted by the state Structure to principally go to training. It went on to toy with proposals designed to place lecturers on discover that they are often trolled, fired, even sued, for educating truths about human conduct and American historical past that may make some overly sheltered mother and father uncomfortable.

The excellent news is these harassment payments look like caught in committee. There may be additionally purpose to hope {that a} new transfer to permit mother and father to take taxpayers cash with them in the event that they select to enroll their kids in personal faculties — Rep. Candice Pierucci’s HB331 — can also be misplaced within the legislative course of. And that, even when it does cross, faces a probable and much-deserved veto from Gov. Spencer Cox.

There are some victories for public training nonetheless doable. One in all them is a measure from Rep. Steve Waldrip and Sen. Ann Millner — HB193 — that might put $47 million towards an effort to supply full-day kindergarten in all state public faculty districts. The invoice has already handed the Home by a wholesome margin and must be supported within the Senate as properly.

Participation could be voluntary, however there’s no query that beefed-up kindergarten can go a great distance towards making ready younger kids for the remainder of their academic profession. That’s one thing that might make faculty go smoother for these kids, their classmates, their lecturers and the academic system as a complete.

It’s affordable and correct to think about differing concepts for a way greatest to strengthen Utah’s public training system. They don’t all need to price some huge cash and so they ought to depart room for constitution faculties and different routes to innovation and options.

However Utahs must be in contact with their lawmakers, and their governor, to allow them to know that each proposal regarding our faculties ought to have as their objective not undermining our system however constructing one that’s stronger and higher capable of serve all kids with a kaleidoscope of wants.

Russian forces meeting ‘strong and wide’ Ukraine resistance | Russia-Ukraine crisis News

Ukraine forces are reportedly placing up sturdy resistance to invading Russian forces as they encompass and bomb the capital Kyiv on Sunday.

In keeping with United States army data, Russia now has no less than 50 p.c of its estimated 150,000-strong invasion power inside Ukraine.

Analysts interviewed steered the Russian army could have been caught off-guard by the extent of pushback by Ukrainian fighters, and extra troops would possible enter the fray within the coming days.

“Russia is clearly going through setbacks that it didn’t count on. It’s taking casualties and Ukraine is taking prisoners, together with some fairly senior, no less than one, presumably two, brigade commanders,” mentioned Nigel Gould-Davies from the Worldwide Institute for Strategic Research.

“So Russia will likely be motivated now to speed up the forces that it brings to this battle. To date, it’s been utilizing about half of the forces it has mobilised and ready for this so in numerical phrases.

“It’s fairly clear that Russia has a really vital benefit. However the actually spectacular facet of Ukraine’s resistance to date is how sturdy and the way large it has been,” mentioned Gould-Davis, a former United Kingdom ambassador to Belarus.

Tom Bullock, an open supply intelligence analyst for intelligence data agency Janes, mentioned Russian forces to date haven’t been capable of capitalise on their vastly superior army benefit.

He mentioned combating has slowed round main cities after Russian troops and tools stormed the nation on Thursday.

“The development we’re seeing is that the Russians are incurring losses, they’re shedding tools and undoubtedly shedding troopers. However so are the Ukrainians. In some locations such because the south it seems the losses are heavier on the Ukrainian facet.

“It does seem as if the Russians have been anticipating much less resistance from the Ukrainians after they entered. That clearly hasn’t been the case,” Bullock instructed Al Jazeera.

‘Lack of momentum’

Troops and tools are making sluggish progress on Moscow’s authentic three-front thrust due to “very decided resistance”, an American defence official instructed reporters on situation of anonymity to debate inner US assessments.

“We have now indications that the Russians are more and more annoyed by their lack of momentum during the last 24 hours, significantly within the north elements of Ukraine,” the official mentioned.

Al Jazeera was not capable of independently confirm the declare.

Russia mentioned its forces pursued their advance after claiming to have paused their assault on Ukraine following an order from President Vladimir Putin. The Russian president subsequently ordered the assault to renew after Kyiv ignored Moscow’s name for negotiations. A Ukrainian official denied Kyiv had rejected talks.

INTERACTIVE- Russia Ukraine Conflict at a glance FEB 24

In Moscow on Saturday, the defence ministry mentioned the Russian military had been ordered to broaden its offensive.

“At present all models got orders to develop the advance from all instructions in accordance with the operation’s plans,” Russian Military Spokesperson Igor Konashenkov introduced.

Russia has to date not succeeded in absolutely taking any Ukrainian metropolis, though its forces have been bearing down on Kyiv in addition to Kharkiv, which lies near the Russian border.

Russia has claimed management of southern city centres, together with Melitopol and Kherson, north of the annexed Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea, however this has not been confirmed.

The battle has been marked by radically totally different variations of occasions from either side.

Ukraine’s well being minister mentioned on Saturday 198 civilians, together with three kids, have been killed to date by Russian forces.

Russia has not mentioned what number of of its troopers have been killed within the invasion, which it calls a “particular army operation”. Moscow has mentioned its objective is to “de-Nazify” Ukraine.

Western sources agree days of fierce combating looms for management of Kyiv with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, who has insisted on staying within the capital, in bodily hazard.

‘Repelling enemy assaults’

The majority of the Russian troops reportedly remained 30km (18 miles) outdoors of Kyiv.

A defiant Zelenskyy mentioned his forces have been repelling Russian troops advancing on the capital.

“We have now withstood and are efficiently repelling enemy assaults. The combating goes on,” Zelenskyy mentioned in a video message from the streets of Kyiv posted on his social media.

“Our primary objective is to finish this massacre. The enemy is struggling heavy losses – tons of of troopers killed who crossed our border and entered our land. Sadly, we’re additionally struggling losses. Ukrainians are courageously resisting the aggression,” mentioned Zelenskyy.

The US and Western allies are nonetheless capable of ship arms into the nation to bolster the Ukraine army, and Washington plans to ship extra within the coming days to assist them combat each Russian armour on the bottom and assaults from the air, the US official mentioned.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken introduced on Saturday that Washington will present $350m in extra army tools to Ukrainian forces.

Ukraine, a democratic nation of 44 million folks, received independence from Moscow in 1991 and desires to hitch NATO and the EU – targets Russia opposes.

Putin has mentioned the West didn’t take severely Russia’s safety issues about NATO. However he has additionally expressed scorn about Ukraine’s proper to exist as an unbiased state.