Letters and cards telling people about local police reduce crime


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  • People of colour struggle to escape Russian invasion of Ukraine | Russia-Ukraine war News


    Záhony, Ukraine-Hungary border – After six years in Ukraine, Ayoub, a 25-year-old Moroccan pharmacy pupil, had constructed a life he was pleased with in Kharkiv, a metropolis within the nation’s northeast. He discovered the Russian language, which is broadly spoken within the metropolis of 1.4 million, studied Ukrainian tradition, and made mates from world wide. He was on account of graduate in three months, however Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has compelled him to flee the nation, and uncovered him to a stage of racism he had not beforehand skilled.

    Initially, he had deliberate to attend out the invasion in Kharkiv, hoping the Russian assault would cease. However when that risk appeared more and more unlikely, he joined classmates to make a protracted trek throughout the nation to the Polish border.

    In Lviv, a metropolis 80 kilometres (50 miles) from the Polish frontier, it turned clear to Ayoub that he, together with different non-white worldwide college students, can be stopped by Ukrainian guards from leaving the nation.

    “They wished Ukrainians to go first, so it was white individuals who obtained precedence. Taxi drivers have been additionally charging us loopy cash, however I believed there’ll all the time be opportunists, even in conflict. It wasn’t till I reached one of many ‘checkpoints’ on the strategy to the Polish border that I used to be truly pushed again and advised to attend,” he advised Al Jazeera.

    As a substitute of ready, he determined to attempt crossing into Hungary, the place he arrived on Wednesday.

    “After I spoke to the guards in Russian, they advised me I needs to be talking Ukrainian and questioned whose facet I used to be on. That was actually upsetting as a result of I had labored so arduous to study Russian, not simply converse it, however learn and write it as nicely.”

    Moroccan Students board train to Budapest
    Moroccan college students board a practice to Budapest [Amanda Coakley/Al Jazeera]

    Universities throughout Ukraine have attracted worldwide college students because of the high-quality training on supply for comparatively low charges, ranging between $4,000 and $5,000 a 12 months.

    College students from international locations similar to India, Nigeria, and Morocco have helped to make Kharkiv a vibrant college metropolis and their charges have contributed to the native economic system. Many have stayed in Ukraine after graduating and brought jobs within the nation’s hospitals and companies.

    However some worldwide college students mentioned their colleges didn’t supply them help to go away the nation as Russian forces launched the invasion. In an electronic mail seen by Al Jazeera, dated February 24, the day of the invasion, college students at one college acquired an electronic mail notifying them that lessons would transfer on-line. Two days later, college students on the similar establishment acquired an electronic mail saying a “trip” from February 28 to March 12.

    “Nobody helped us to go away or coordinated something, we have been simply left on our personal,” mentioned Deborah, a 19-year-old pupil from northern Nigeria. She requested Al Jazeera to not use her actual identify.

    “My mates went to the Polish border and have been handled awfully by the Ukrainian guards. It wasn’t simply Black individuals like me; it was anybody who wasn’t white,” she added.

    INTERACTIVE- Where are Ukrainians fleeing to 874026 DAY 7

    In an announcement issued on Wednesday, the Ukrainian Ministry of Overseas Affairs refuted allegations of discrimination by border guards and mentioned it operated on a “first come, first served strategy” that “applies to all nationalities” with precedence given to girls, youngsters, and aged individuals in accordance with worldwide humanitarian regulation.

    Ayoub is aggravated that his lecturers nonetheless count on him again at school on March 12. “I perceive they wish to maintain morale excessive, however I’m afraid they may cost us, or cease our research if we don’t return. I don’t perceive why they can not simply droop all the pieces till additional discover.” The expertise has been so emotionally draining, Ayoub doesn’t suppose he’ll ever really feel the identical method about Ukraine once more.

    It’s a sentiment shared by Deborah and her sister Aliyah, 19, who additionally research in Ukraine. “This nation has given me a lot. The individuals of Ukraine don’t deserve this conflict and like everybody, I can’t perceive why this has occurred. Seeing photos of those lovely cities being shelled is terrible. However I’ve seen a facet that I can’t neglect,” Aliyah added.

    In current days, phrase has unfold among the many worldwide college students fleeing Ukraine that they may seemingly have a neater time crossing into Hungary than Poland because of the smaller numbers of individuals ready to get in. Of the refugees Al Jazeera spoke to, none reported issues boarding a practice to the small Hungarian village of Záhony.

    “I can see whenever you’re underneath loopy stress and your nation is being attacked you’ll be able to act in horrible methods, however on the finish of the day, everybody was working from the identical hazard,” mentioned Deborah.

    Study suggests people limited contact with others even outside of lockdown periods — ScienceDaily


    Transmission of respiratory viruses relies upon partly on the speed of shut social contacts in a inhabitants. A examine publishing March 1 in PLOS Drugs by Amy Gimma on the London College of Hygiene and Tropical Drugs, United Kingdom, and colleagues suggests that in probably the most restrictive interval of lockdown in the UK, the variety of reported contacts decreased by 75% from pre-pandemic ranges.

    Public well being insurance policies imposed throughout the COVID-19 pandemic aimed to curb virus transmission by lowered social contact. Nonetheless, the influence of those insurance policies over time has not been quantified. To estimate social interactions in England from March 2020-March 2021, researchers performed a cross-sectional examine of 19,914 members aged 18-59, in addition to dad and mom finishing the survey on behalf of their kids underneath age 18, who voluntarily responded to on-line surveys about their demographics, conduct, and perceptions of non-public threat with regard to the pandemic. They then used statistical analyses to calculate the common variety of every day contacts reported by members.

    The researchers discovered that in probably the most restrictive lockdowns within the UK, adults over 17 years of age lowered the variety of individuals they had been involved with by 75%. All year long, throughout much less stringent insurance policies, individuals continued to cut back their social contacts, and solely ever reached 50% of pre-pandemic ranges. Nonetheless, the examine had some limitations; all knowledge had been self-reported, which can have contributed to over- or underestimating people’ variety of contacts. As well as, future analysis is required to use these findings to transmission knowledge from 2021-2022.

    Based on the authors, “We launched the CoMix social contact and behavioural examine on twenty fourth March 2020 to seize the adjustments in social contacts, threat notion, and different behaviours. This examine quantifies adjustments in epidemiologically related contact behaviour for one full 12 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in England and can be utilized to tell future outbreak response and will be utilized to transmission of different infectious ailments, notably for a large-scale pandemic.”

    Gimma provides, “Social contacts play a key position within the transmission of respiratory viruses, corresponding to COVID-19, and knowledge from the CoMix survey helps researchers, policymakers, and most people perceive how individuals have modified their social contacts all through the pandemic. Understanding how and the place individuals are making probably the most contacts, corresponding to at work or in academic settings, offers perception into the place contacts will be lowered when we have to sluggish transmission.”

    Story Supply:

    Supplies offered by PLOS. Word: Content material could also be edited for model and size.

    Medicaid funds mired in red tape for people with disabilities : Shots


    The American Rescue Plan Act that President Biden signed into legislation elevated funding to Medicaid, however delays and pink tape have stored a number of states from claiming a lot of the money nearly a yr later.

    Doug Mills/Getty Photographs


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    Doug Mills/Getty Photographs


    The American Rescue Plan Act that President Biden signed into legislation elevated funding to Medicaid, however delays and pink tape have stored a number of states from claiming a lot of the money nearly a yr later.

    Doug Mills/Getty Photographs

    Matthew Southern, 35, who has mental and developmental disabilities, is ready to keep out of an establishment as a result of well being aides paid by means of a Medicaid program help him and his roommate with abnormal duties.

    However amid a employee scarcity worsened by the pandemic, Southern’s father, Dan, has needed to step in to fill in gaps in his son’s care by volunteering at their residence 45 minutes away from his northwestern Atlanta suburb. He blames the low pay throughout the trade.

    “Nobody needs to work for $12 an hour,” Dan Southern stated. “Folks can work at Burger King and earn more money.”

    Final yr introduced an injection of hope: The federal authorities, by means of the American Rescue Plan Act that President Joe Biden signed into legislation in March 2021, elevated funding with a 10-percentage level match that would quantity to some $25 billion in federal cash for Medicaid residence and community-based providers, which have lengthy confronted staffing crunches. That large infusion of money could possibly be utilized by states to buttress wages, transfer folks off ready lists for incapacity providers, practice extra employees, or develop lined providers for weak aged and disabled folks, serving to to maintain them out of nursing properties.

    However nearly a yr later, Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, Ohio and Washington have been amongst 19 states as of Feb. 17 but to obtain the “conditional approval” wanted from the Facilities for Medicare & Medicaid Providers to completely entry the cash.

    Over half of states — 28 of them — acquired such approval in 2022, in keeping with CMS. That is greater than 9 months after the reduction package deal was signed into legislation. California, for instance, acquired its conditional approval Jan. 4. Different states have their very own pink tape and are ready for legislative or different approvals, Kaiser Well being Information discovered by querying all state Medicaid workplaces.

    “All of us would have appreciated to see the cash out sooner,” stated Damon Terzaghi, a senior director at ADvancing States, a nationwide membership affiliation for state growing older and disabilities businesses. “Paperwork is what it’s.”

    Daniel Tsai, director of the CMS Middle for Medicaid and CHIP Providers, stated that this infusion of federal support was a “life-changing quantity of funding,” and that CMS staffers have been doing all the things they may alongside states to “transfer ahead as shortly as doable.”

    Tsai additionally identified that the states’ partial approval from CMS, which they’ve all acquired, permits them to entry a few of the cash. However some states — reminiscent of Kansas and Wyoming — have been reluctant to take action with out full approval. Others bemoaned the sluggish federal course of.

    The Medicaid disbursement course of contrasts sharply with the distribution of reduction {dollars} by means of Medicare channels to hospitals, stated Connie Garner, nationwide public coverage adviser for Easterseals, a well being care supplier for folks with disabilities. Garner stated the standard back-and-forth within the federal-state Medicaid partnership is a part of the explanation for the delay, in addition to states’ want to spend the large amount of money properly. However funding is required now, she stated.

    “Wanted care cannot wait,” she stated.

    A 2021 survey by the American Community of Group Choices and Assets, an advocacy group for suppliers that help these with mental and developmental disabilities, discovered that due to staffing shortages, greater than three-quarters of service suppliers have been turning away new referrals, greater than half have been discontinuing applications and providers, and the overwhelming majority have been fighting recruitment and retention of workers.

    Seema Verma, CMS administrator throughout the Trump administration, stated that such funding was essential contemplating the staffing crunches, however that states’ Medicaid applications in all probability have been challenged to effectively transfer that large amount of cash.

    “The truth is completely different states could have completely different procurement processes that may take a very long time,” she stated.

    Colorado was the primary state to realize full entry to the cash — practically $530 million — again in September, in keeping with Bonnie Silva, director for the Workplace of Group Dwelling on the Colorado Division of Well being Care Coverage & Financing.

    The cash has already gone towards elevating the bottom wage for direct care employees, Silva stated, from $12.47 to $15 an hour — which Democratic Gov. Jared Polis has proposed in his funds to make everlasting, as a result of the federal funds cease in 2024. The state can also be hiring dozens of short-term workers.

    That was all doable, Silva stated, as a result of her staff leveraged relationships with their governor and legislators, in addition to moved shortly on federal deadlines. As for states that also have not acquired funds, “I do not know what they’re doing,” she stated. “It’s a variety of gymnastics, however they need to be shifting.”

    In equity, she stated, some states could not have legislators or governors as prepared to be as versatile with Medicaid, whereas others could have been slowed by their legislative calendars.

    CMS’ Tsai stated the company’s workers has dealt with greater than twice as many proposals and amendments for residence and group providers over the previous yr, on high of coping with such funding approvals. “We’re doing our greatest to have the ability to triage and prioritize,” he stated.

    Cautious planning and coordination on all sides is critical, stated Matt Salo, govt director of the Nationwide Affiliation of Medicaid Administrators, as a result of the tranche of money is a one-time infusion. That makes some states hesitant to extend home-care employee salaries they might not be capable of keep.

    Spending till 2024 in authorities time is sort of a “nanosecond,” Silva stated. She’s hopeful that more cash is coming by means of Biden’s Construct Again Higher plan, though the destiny of that laws stays unclear.

    “If we actually need to remodel how care is offered, we should — not ought to, may — have ongoing federal investments to help that change,” Silva stated.

    In the meantime, the Consortium for Residents with Disabilities, which represents a number of nationwide incapacity teams, has requested the federal authorities to contemplate extending the spending deadline previous 2024, citing the compressed timeline CMS and states face.

    New Mexico has but to obtain the total inexperienced mild from CMS, stated its Medicaid director, Nicole Comeaux. Nothing is straightforward about this course of, she stated, as a result of it will possibly require waivers, public remark or legislative signoffs. Her company has additionally misplaced workers.

    “We’ve got the identical people doing this work on high of their regular work, in order that’s additionally made it slower than we’d have appreciated it to be,” Comeaux added.

    Jackie Farwell, spokesperson for the Maine Division of Well being and Human Providers, stated her company needed to make “important modifications” to its claims and accounting techniques to satisfy federal necessities.

    Others have been extra direct about federal holdups: “The delay was as a result of federal approval timelines taking longer than anticipated,” stated Sarah Berg, spokesperson for the Minnesota Division of Human Providers.

    Dan Berland, director of federal coverage for the Nationwide Affiliation of State Administrators of Developmental Disabilities Providers, harassed the cash will get there, as federal cash not accessed within the match from this previous yr might be claimed retroactively.

    For these coping with employee shortages, although, the delay has actual penalties. In Georgia, which obtained its full OK the week of Feb. 14, it is unclear how briskly the cash can be despatched to many supplier organizations.

    Bob Rice’s stepdaughter, Jennifer Randolph, a nonverbal 50-year-old with cerebral palsy who makes use of a wheelchair, lived at a gaggle residence in Athens, Ga., run by Hope Haven of Northeast Georgia for a number of years.

    However amid staffing shortages throughout the pandemic, Hope Haven closed the ability down.

    Since then, Randolph has cycled into her third group residence — one which’s an hour away from her stepfather’s home. And he fears that the staffing downside will disrupt their lives once more.

    KHN (Kaiser Well being Information) is a nationwide newsroom that produces in-depth journalism about well being points. It’s an editorially unbiased working program of KFF (Kaiser Household Basis).

    Many young people with obesity have high blood pressure


    Practically half of seven,493 adolescents and youngsters with weight problems who took half in a pediatric weight administration initiative had hypertension, a research printed in The Journal of Scientific Hypertension discovered. Researchers stated pediatric weight administration applications ought to have uniform BP assessments.

    It’s not ‘porn’ that the book-banners are going after, but the existence of other people.


    It’s not ‘porn’ that the book-banners are going after, however the existence of different folks.

    (Leah Hogsten | The Salt Lake Tribune) 4 of 9 books which have been faraway from faculties within the Canyons Faculty District and positioned below evaluate, Nov. 23, 2021. The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison, Gender Queer by Maia Kobabe, Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov and Past Magenta by Susan Kuklin.

    Final Friday, Rep. Ken Ivory’s HB374, a invoice to ban books containing “pornographic or indecent” content material from faculties was reported out of committee.

    Ivory is becoming a member of a motion of e-book banners led in Utah by Utah Mother and father United (UPU) who’ve sought to border their censorship exercise as about defending children from “porn” at school. The issue for these censors, nevertheless, is that none of those books are “porn.” This label is simply connected to something that Ivory and the UPU don’t like and that tends to be tales that characterize LGTBQ folks in addition to folks of shade.

    You’ll be able to see this from how UPU talks concerning the books.

    Brooke Stephens, UPU’s curriculum director, singles out “All Boys Aren’t Blue,” by George M. Johnson and calls it obscene as a result of one chapter discusses how Johnson was molested by their older cousin. However obscenity legislation requires the e-book to be learn as an entire and UPU censors refuse to abide by this actuality.

    Johnson’s e-book is about what it was like rising up Black and queer in America and to take this wealthy textual content and name it obscene as a result of they discuss being sexually abused is absurd and disturbing. It ignores the very legislation UPU claims to have fun whereas additionally decreasing Johnson’s expertise, their existence, to at least one episode. Subsequently, felony obscenity complaints have been rejected by police and prosecutors across the nation.

    The UPU’s hypocrisy, nevertheless, is much more evident if you discover what they do and never simply what they are saying. The UPU’s speaking factors are all about “obscenity” and “pornography” with juicy traces or passages from main works of literature taken exterior of context. However in relation to bringing challenges to take away books, the language modifications.

    Stephens, for instance, challenged two books within the Davis Faculty District that haven’t any intercourse in them in any respect. What the 2 books do have is homosexual and transgender characters. Stephens objected to “Drama,” by Raina Telgemeier, solely as a result of it has a seventh grade boy who pronounces that he’s homosexual to his mates. “George(now titled “Melissa”) by Alex Gino solely offers complaints from one other group who claimed it was indoctrination and age inappropriate due to LGTBQ content material as a result of the e-book facilities on a 4th grade trans woman.

    Within the Murray Faculty District, a bunch submitted roughly 100 books they discover objectionable, with the cheering help of UPU’s book-banners, however we discover this sample repeated and once more. They don’t even each to clarify why among the books are objectionable, however they’ve LGBTQ within the titles and that’s sufficient.

    The actual kicker in all of that is that the colleges will already work with Stephens and different UPU dad and mom to limit their youngsters’s entry to books, however that isn’t sufficient. You see UPU thinks that it could assist all different dad and mom do a greater job and wish the state legislature to let the UPU assist guardian all of your youngsters in the way in which that UPU thinks is important.

    I’ve been researching censorship and e-book banning for years and am typically requested what are e-book banners afraid of? The easy reply is that they imagine that solely tales that characterize their lives, typically straight and white, deserve a spot in faculties and libraries.

    Stephens and others describe merely presenting the tales of LGBTQ children as “grooming,” as making an attempt to show their children homosexual and/or trans. You see, to be LGBTQ is itself harmful to UPU, and thus faculties should stop that by hiding the very fact of our existence from Utah youngsters.

    Fortunately for them, there’s zero scientific proof to help the concept merely studying a couple of homosexual or trans character turns their child homosexual or trans. What it does have an effect on is empathy. Straight, cisgender children usually tend to empathize with the expertise of their LGBTQ mates and classmates. It’s that empathy which UPU and Ivory assume ought to be stamped out in Utah faculties, and I hope the Legislature refuses to comply with alongside.

    Richard Worth | Weber State College

    Richard Worth, Ph.D., is an affiliate professor of political science and co-coordinator of the Queer Research Program at Weber State College.

    People also write worse customer reviews in times of financial stress — ScienceDaily


    Whether or not they’re getting a brand new shirt, a brand new laptop, or taking a visit, folks derive much less “buy happiness” from shopping for issues after they really feel monetary stress, analysis from Duke College’s Fuqua Faculty of Enterprise exhibits.

    “That feeling of monetary constraint leads folks to revisit their buy and take into consideration what else they may have finished with that cash, also called the chance value,” mentioned Fuqua advertising and marketing professor Gavan Fitzsimons, who co-authored the findings within the Journal of Shopper Analysis. “Due to that query in a client’s thoughts about what else they may have used the cash for, each time they consider that buy, they’ll be rather less pleased with what they did find yourself shopping for.”

    That dissatisfaction additionally prompted shoppers to go away worse opinions for these purchases — an perception that may assist corporations when soliciting buyer suggestions to encourage extra gross sales.

    Monetary stress in any respect revenue ranges The researchers carried out greater than 40 research measuring folks’s perceptions about their monetary conditions and up to date purchases. Whether or not they purchased a cloth object or an expertise, and whether or not they paid $100 or $1,000, the outcomes have been constant: individuals who felt monetary strain skilled much less “buy happiness.”

    Feeling financially constrained refers to an individual’s perceptions about their monetary scenario and impacts folks of all socioeconomic circumstances, the authors mentioned.

    “Individuals in any respect revenue ranges are feeling monetary strain, notably proper now,” mentioned Fitzsimons, who printed the paper with Fuqua Ph.D. candidate Rodrigo Dias and Eesha Sharma of San Diego State College. “Rents are escalating dramatically, the housing market has been unreachable for a lot of People. Even for folks incomes nicely above the median revenue in America, they nonetheless discover when fuel is out of the blue priced at $4 a gallon, and milk prices 50 p.c greater than it did two years in the past.”

    The influence on buyer opinions

    Being a cash-strapped client impacts greater than only a particular person’s “buy happiness.” It might additionally influence an organization’s gross sales, as a number of research within the analysis demonstrated that financially constrained shoppers depart worse opinions. In a single examine, the researchers analyzed on-line opinions from the web site Yelp for the 15 largest restaurant chains throughout the U.S., inspecting information for greater than 850 eateries in 15 huge cities. Subsequent, they used U.S. survey information to establish zip codes through which folks reported monetary stress. They discovered that individuals who visited eating places in zip codes the place residents felt extra monetary stress additionally wrote worse opinions, mentioned Dias, lead writer of the analysis.

    In different experiments, the authors examined whether or not they might induce emotions of monetary constraint by asking folks to replicate on the monetary stressors of their life. Certainly, folks could possibly be prompted to really feel extra constrained, and because of this, these folks have been much less pleased with their purchases and wrote much less optimistic opinions, Dias mentioned.

    “Entrepreneurs are sometimes encouraging clients to put in writing opinions,” Dias mentioned. “Our analysis suggests entrepreneurs may wish to think about in the event that they’re asking individuals who really feel financially constrained to put in writing a evaluate, or possibly to keep away from asking clients to evaluate their purchases throughout particular instances after they really feel financially careworn, resembling proper earlier than payday.”

    Serving to shoppers enhance their “buy happiness”

    Rising prices as a result of inflation and different elements recommend shoppers might face much more monetary stress within the coming months. This added monetary strain might compel extra “compensatory consumption,” or the act of shopping for issues not solely for his or her perform or function, however as a result of the customer believes the merchandise will compensate for a deficit in one other space of their life, Dias mentioned.

    “People who find themselves financially constrained usually tend to purchase issues to enhance their happiness, however our analysis exhibits what occurs is exactly the other,” he mentioned.

    The authors found no less than a method financially constrained shoppers might get extra happiness from their purchases: by planning. “If individuals who really feel financially constrained make a extra acutely aware resolution about their buy and plan upfront versus shopping for an merchandise on the spot with out forethought, they’re already considering by way of the potential alternate options for the way they may have spent that cash,” Fitzsimons mentioned. “That helps them get extra happiness from their buy than they in any other case would have. Are they as joyful as they’d be in the event that they weren’t financially constrained? Not fairly. However having folks plan and suppose forward about the best way to spend that cash may help them derive extra happiness from their purchases.”

    Can cash purchase happiness?

    Measuring shoppers’ “buy happiness” is only one new approach scientists are trying to resolve a perennial query in regards to the relationship between wealth and well-being: can cash purchase happiness? These research provide some new clues, Dias mentioned.

    “Social scientists have lengthy identified that having much less cash is related to decrease well-being, no less than to some extent,” he mentioned. “Our outcomes recommend that having restricted monetary assets hampers well-being not solely by limiting what folks can purchase, but in addition by decreasing the happiness they get out of their purchases.”

    Mexico investigating reports of 17 people shot dead during wake | Crime News


    Video shared broadly on social media reveals individuals lined up towards a wall in Michoacan state earlier than gunshots ring out.

    Mexico is investigating reviews that round 17 individuals have been executed within the state of Michoacan, after a ugly video confirmed gunmen storming a funeral wake in the course of the weekend and dragging mourners outdoors to be killed.

    Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador on Monday urged persistence because the chief prosecutor’s workplace investigates what occurred, saying that he hoped “with all of his soul” that the occasions weren’t true.

    “We nonetheless don’t have all the data,” Lopez Obrador mentioned throughout his every day morning press convention, including that shell casings have been discovered however no our bodies.

    state police convoy in MexicoElevated violence has been reported in some components of Mexico the place rival drug gangs battle for management of trafficking routes and territory [File: Alan Ortega/Reuters]

    A video shared broadly on social media confirmed a gaggle of individuals lined up towards a wall, most of them holding their arms behind their heads, earlier than apparently being shot in a barrage of bullets fired by surrounding gunmen.

    Mexican media reported the mourners have been killed within the city of San Jose de Gracia, some 200km (125 miles) west of Morelia, the state capital of Michoacan, the place turf battles between rival drug cartels have despatched violence hovering.

    The Michoacan chief prosecutor’s workplace late on Sunday mentioned that although no our bodies have been discovered, investigators found firearms cartridges on the website the place the video was suspected to have been filmed in addition to “cleansing merchandise” in a bag, saying the “website had just lately been washed”.

    The video on social media seems to have been filmed by a close-by neighbour by way of a window with a excessive vantage level, displaying the group of individuals lined up towards a white wall.

    A number of gunmen are seen pointing rifles on the purported mourners till gunfire prompts the individual filming to cover for a few seconds.

    When the uninterrupted video returns to indicate the identical spot on the road once more, the individuals can not be seen and there’s solely smoke and mud rising within the air.

    Violence has elevated in sure components of Mexico the place drug cartels battle for management over trafficking routes and territory to extort residents. Concentrating on funeral wakes has turn out to be a part of the violence lately.

    bullet casings on the floorThe Michoacan chief prosecutor’s workplace mentioned no our bodies have been discovered [File: Alan Ortega/Reuters]

    The incident occurred in a area the place the Jalisco New Era (CJNG) cartel, the New Michoacan Household and Los Caballeros Templarios function and have been preventing turf wars.

    Earlier this month, 9 individuals have been killed in a single day when gunmen within the northern border metropolis of Ciudad Juarez killed three individuals on the wake of a person who died in jail, after which one other six on the similar man’s funeral later within the day.

    In January of final 12 months, gunmen burst right into a wake within the central Mexican metropolis of Celaya and shot useless 9 individuals.

    Citing official figures, native media reported that in 2021 the state of Michoacan ranked third within the nation for the best variety of homicides, with 2,732 murders.

    Nationally, Mexico registered 33,308 homicides in 2021, after the 2 most violent years in its historical past; 34,554 murders have been reported in 2020 whereas 34,690 happened in 2019.

    500,000 people have fled Ukraine conflict: UN | Russia-Ukraine crisis News


    Greater than half one million folks have fled Ukraine since Russian forces invaded the nation, in accordance with the United Nations.

    The variety of folks fleeing the Russian invasion of Ukraine has surged to greater than half one million and a minimum of 102 civilians have been killed since Moscow’s troops entered the nation, in accordance with the United Nations.

    “Greater than 500,000 refugees have now fled from Ukraine into neighbouring international locations,” UN Excessive Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi stated on Monday.

    UN officers stated a minimum of 102 civilians had been killed as of Monday. Sergiy Kyslytsya, Ukraine’s everlasting consultant to the United Nations, positioned the dying toll at 352, together with 16 kids.

    Lengthy strains of automobiles and buses had been backed up at checkpoints on the borders of Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania and non-EU member Moldova as civilians continued to flee Russia’s assault. Others crossed the borders on foot, dragging their possessions away from the conflict and into the safety of the European Union.

    The newest and nonetheless rising rely of civilians fleeing the battle had 281,000 folks getting into Poland, greater than 84,500 in Hungary, about 36,400 in Moldova, greater than 32,500 in Romania and about 30,000 in Slovakia, UNHCR spokeswoman Shabia Mantoo stated.

    The remaining had been scattered in unidentified different international locations, she added.

    INTERACTIVE- Where are Ukrainians fleeing to DAY 5 by country(Al Jazeera)

    There have been experiences that some African folks fleeing Ukraine confronted racism and discrimination on the border with Poland from officers on either side.

    1000’s of younger African college students are learning in Ukraine, principally from Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, Ethiopia, Somalia and different international locations, drawn by the excessive customary of schooling and low prices.

    Some reported being rudely stopped from crossing the border for days regardless of the chilly and their lack of meals or different provides, whilst officers let white refugees enter the nation.

    Nigerian overseas minister Geoffrey Onyeama stated he obtained experiences of “Ukrainian border guards hindering the exit of Nigerian residents”.

    Ukrainian overseas minister Dmytro Kuleba stated Ukrainian border guards have been instructed to permit all foreigners to go away.

    Ghanaian overseas minister Shirley Ayorkor Botchwey stated in a press release on Monday that college students from Ghana had not confronted any issues on the border.

    She stated 38 of the 220 Ghanaians who had left Ukraine had crossed the Polish border with out hindrance. Nonetheless, greater than 460 folks had been nonetheless on their method out of Ukraine to neighbouring international locations.

    Polish officers instructed the German information company DPA that accusations towards their officers had been “nonsense”.

    “The officers of the Polish Border Guard assist all folks fleeing the conflict zone in Ukraine. Nationality or citizenship don’t matter,” they stated.



    China is a Paralympics star, but its people with disabilities face high hurdles : NPR


    Individuals attend the Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Video games 100 Day countdown occasion on the Nationwide Aquatic Middle in Beijing, China, on Nov. 24, 2021.

    Wang Zhao/AFP through Getty Photos


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    Wang Zhao/AFP through Getty Photos


    Individuals attend the Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Video games 100 Day countdown occasion on the Nationwide Aquatic Middle in Beijing, China, on Nov. 24, 2021.

    Wang Zhao/AFP through Getty Photos

    BEIJING — In March, China plans to have 115 of its fantastically skilled and intensely pushed athletes compete on the Chinese language Paralympic Crew on the Winter Video games in Beijing.

    China has dominated the medal depend on the final 5 consecutive Paralympic Video games and is projected to comb once more this yr. Its methodology for fulfillment? Substantial state funding and a extremely aggressive monitor for recognized athletic expertise.

    “China was at all times behind disabled athletes as a suitable image of China’s modernity that the federal government cares for the individuals,” says Susan Brownell, an anthropology professor on the College of Missouri-St. Louis who research huge sporting occasions. “Now they’ve turn into savvier about using the Video games as a platform to advertise their nationwide picture.”

    But this technique additionally displays a paradox: Whereas China helps Paralympic athletes, individuals with disabilities ordinarily face excessive hurdles in accessing jobs and public areas in China.

    “Sports activities is among the few methods an individual with disabilities can obtain sources from the state,” says Chen Bo, a regulation professor on the Macau College of Science and Know-how who makes a speciality of incapacity entry.

    Ping Yali, China’s first Paralympic gold medalist, says the overall hardship the incapacity group faces has made them harder — and given them a bonus over athletes from different international locations.

    “Paralympians have already been honed by excessive hardship; so now that China has given us the chance and cared for us, we have received a ton of medals,” Ping, who’s legally blind, says. “Overseas Paralympians have not suffered like us.”

    Ping Yali, who was China’s first Paralympics gold medalist, carries the flame on the Nationwide Stadium in the course of the opening ceremony for the 2008 Beijing Paralympic Video games within the Chinese language capital on Sept. 6, 2008.

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    Mark Ralston/AFP through Getty Photos

    The state funds Paralympics

    China runs state-funded and managed Olympic and Paralympic coaching, setting it aside from different international locations, together with the USA, the place Paralympic and Olympic coaching is self-funded. The heftier funding permits Chinese language Paralympic athletes to dedicate extra of their time to coaching.

    But there are nonetheless substantial disparities between Paralympic and Olympic funding. In line with public statistics, funding for Paralympics in China final yr alone was 20.99 billion yuan ($3.3 billion), about half of what China’s Common Administration of Sport spends on its Olympic athletes. It was not till Beijing secured the bid for the 2008 Summer time Olympics that Paralympians bought their very own amenities.

    Ping remembers whereas coaching within the Nineteen Eighties, she needed to borrow the Olympic coaching amenities in the course of the different athletes’ lunch breaks. “Even as we speak, the circumstances for able-bodied and disabled athletes should not equal. However they’ve improved rather a lot,” she tells NPR from her dwelling in western Beijing.

    In 1984, Ping flew to Los Angeles to compete in China’s first ever Paralympic Video games. And she or he received gold — the primary Chinese language athlete to take action. (For years, China neglected her as its first Paralympic gold medalist, whereas hyping a non-disabled athlete who received gold in sharpshooting greater than a month after Ping.)

    Her win spurred China to spend extra money on Paralympic coaching.

    Ping’s life is emblematic of the hole between Paralympic help and precise incapacity entry. After profitable her gold medal, she fell on monetary exhausting instances; she was paid only a fraction of what Olympic athletes had been paid. She ended up opening therapeutic massage parlors run by blind masseurs to earn a dwelling.

    However Ping is plucky. She’s by no means stopped pushing for incapacity entry. She was the primary individual in China to get a licensed information canine — a golden retriever named Fortunate. In 2008, she and Fortunate ran the final relay of the Olympic torch for the Beijing Summer time Video games.

    Snow machines make synthetic snow close to the ski leaping venue for the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics earlier than the world closed to guests, on Jan. 2, in Chongli county, Zhangjiakou, Hebei province, northern China. The realm will host ski and snowboard occasions in the course of the Winter Olympics and Paralympics.

    Kevin Frayer/Getty Photos


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    Kevin Frayer/Getty Photos

    Athletes rise by way of a pipeline to go professional

    Like all Chinese language Paralympic athletes, Ping got here up by way of a system of a whole lot of coaching facilities for individuals with disabilities managed by the China Administration of Sports activities for Individuals with Disabilities, from which certified athletes are chosen by way of competitors to coach nationally.

    The system is structured like a pyramid: On the backside are the native coaching facilities particularly for individuals with disabilities, from which essentially the most gifted are chosen at an early age to coach with state sponsorship. The very best make it to the nationwide staff.

    This athletic system as soon as labored in tandem with the historic segregation between individuals with and with out disabilities in China’s public schooling system, a separation that paradoxically might make it simpler to determine the bodily gifted.

    That segregation is being dismantled. In 2014, China started integrating blind and visually impaired college students into public colleges. In 2017, a brand new regulation allowed all college students with disabilities to enter public colleges and thus universities. All this was an enormous step ahead, says Chen, the regulation professor. However he says China nonetheless makes use of extra of a charity mannequin when conceptualizing incapacity.

    “The charity mannequin is extra like individuals with disabilities are the topic of the pity and the topic of the charity,” fairly than experiencing actual inclusion, says Chen.

    Whereas disabled athletes are extra continuously held up as a paragon of success, such examples might information public dialog on incapacity in an unproductive means, says Chen: “The stigma may very well be, we raised you to must work exhausting, prepare exhausting, and obtain one thing, so as to be accepted as an equal member of the society.”

    The schooling regulation is comparatively new, so solely about 400,000 of China’s roughly 85 million individuals with disabilities — or, lower than half a % — went to public colleges with non-disabled individuals.

    “Resistance abounds at many ranges — from under-supported and overworked mainstream faculty academics, from aggressive mother and father of non-disabled college students, and from local-level incapacity bureaucrats who at the moment are requested to hold out tougher work with solely restricted funding will increase,” says Di Wu, a researcher who research incapacity in China.

    Regardless of these challenges, Wu says China has made strides towards higher accessibility and inclusive schooling. The rising visibility of the Paralympics and extra disabled individuals dwelling and dealing alongside non-disabled individuals can slowly change the perceptions among the many normal inhabitants.

    “Entry requires a shift in mindset from seeing incapacity as a deficit to be overcome, to at least one that actually acknowledges individuals with disabilities,” says Wu, “as equal members of the society who’ve the fitting and choice to take part in each side of it.”

    Aowen Cao contributed analysis from Beijing.