Touted as ‘gold mine’ for school trust, land swap in Bears Ears could fail as lawmakers eye monument lawsuit

A proposal to swap Utah state belief lands out of Bears Ears Nationwide Monument has been sidetracked within the Senate this week thanks partly to considerations that such a deal would undermine Utah’s anticipated authorized problem to the monument’s restoration.

Framed as a surefire win for Utah’s faculty belief, the commerce would put useful mineral-bearing federal lands within the palms of the College and Institutional Belief Lands Administration, or SITLA, in change for the state’s 130,000 acres scattered across the monument. The swap additionally consists of almost 30,000 acres elsewhere within the state.

The deal requires the Legislature’s approval, which might include the passage of HJR16. that invoice cleared the Home however has been denied a listening to within the Senate.

The joint decision has been strongly pushed by retiring SITLA director, David Ure, himself a former state senator, who believes the commerce would yield a whole bunch of hundreds of thousands of {dollars} for the company’s beneficiaries.

For the previous three years, SITLA has been figuring out areas, largely within the West Desert and Uinta Basin, that it will like in change for its checkerboarded sections within the nationwide monument, which President Joe Biden final 12 months restored to its unique 1.35-million-acre boundary beneath the powers given presidents beneath the Antiquities Act.

“This can be a gold mine for the college children to have the ability to seize the financial values all through the remainder of the state and hold rural Utah going,” Ure advised the Home Training Committee final month.

However some lawmakers are involved such a decision is untimely since each parcel to be traded has but to be recognized, based on the invoice’s Senate sponsor, Evan Vickers, R-Cedar Metropolis. And a sense persists that the land swap might be seen as legitimizing the expanded monument state leaders will search to revoke by means of a forthcoming lawsuit.

“We wish to be sure we don’t disrupt that,” he stated Tuesday.

Any trades of state land exceeding 500 acres require approval from the Legislature, which has at all times authorized massive, difficult trades that may take years to drag off.

Vickers urged it could be higher to convey the land deal again earlier than the Legislative Administration Committee as soon as SITLA and Bureau of Land Administration agree on all of the lands are to be traded.

“If we go that path, we may additionally make a suggestion to the governor to convene a particular session,” Vickers stated. “There are a number of paths that accomplish the identical factor.”

Beneath the steerage of Rep. Timothy Hawkes, R-Centerville, HJR16 cruised by means of the Home in a 48-23 vote, over the objections of some representatives who argued the swap hurts San Juan County, whose land base is essentially federal.

Buying and selling out SITLA’s sections scattered across the monument would additional beholden Utah’s largest and poorest county to the whims of the federal authorities, argued Rep. Phil Lyman, R-Blanding.

“Who controls the land, controls the economic system, they management the individuals,” Lyman stated. “If you happen to take these sections … and transfer them to a extra ‘productive place,’ then in 20 years, you’ll be able to take the youngsters out of that county and ship them to that extra productive place to get jobs. It’s not honest.”

As a San Juan County commissioner in 2016, Lyman was a number one voice in opposition to President Barack Obama’s designation of the Bears Ears monument and cheerleader for President Donald Trump’s dramatic discount the next 12 months.

“After we speak about these faculty sections, they’re a birthright on the time of statehood [in 1896], not solely to the state, however to the areas that they had been put in,” Lyman stated. “They had been a dispersed sample and unfold throughout the state. Whenever you get right into a county like we now have down in Garfield, Wayne, Kane and San Juan, these public lands counties, it truly is a security web.”

SITLA’s sole mandate, nonetheless, is to “optimize” income from belief lands for the good thing about the college belief. The company has a fiduciary responsibility to commerce into extra worthwhile lands when the chance arises, based on officers.

Whether or not or not there’s a large monument designated over the lands encircling Bears Ears Buttes, a land commerce would end in an enormous windfall for SITLA, based on Hawkes and Ure.

“It’s arduous to develop them in any significant approach. The income that was derived from these lands final 12 months was lower than $80,000,” Hawkes stated. “So there’s not a whole lot of worth in it. However the federal authorities is keen now to change on favorable phrases.”

Beneath the proposed commerce, SITLA would quit all its holdings throughout the monument, plus further lands in Iron, Kane, San Juan, Tooele, and Uintah counties, totaling almost 160,000 acres, for BLM lands in 19 counties, together with San Juan.

In response to San Juan’s considerations about shedding SITLA acreage, Ure stated, the company reworked the deal as finest it may to amass some federal land there.

“It’s arduous down there as a result of the minerals they’ve are usually not essentially able, or of nice sufficient energy or density, that personal enterprise needs to come back in there [and mine],” Ure stated. “If that they had, they’d have already been in there on the BLM floor.”

Beneath the deal’s present configuration, SITLA would commerce into 10,000 federal acres in San Juan County to ascertain buffers round uranium websites.

“As of final week, I gave Blanding about 1,600 acres proper across the outskirts in order that financial growth could be there as a substitute of getting BLM floor that’s arduous to barter with,” Ure advised lawmakers. “Have we executed all the pieces proper? Almost definitely not. However when you may have about 10 or 15 totally different bosses, it’s type of arduous to get all the pieces executed on the identical time.”

Utah man files lawsuit, saying officer tackled him, beat him as he was kneeling

Cody Greenland watches physique digicam video of his arrest in 2020 from his legal professional’s workplace in Salt Lake Metropolis on Tuesday. Greenland mentioned he was kneeling together with his palms within the air when he was tackled from behind with out provocation by an officer who ran up behind him. Greenland is now suing the American Fork Police Division. (Pat Reavy,

Estimated learn time: 6-7 minutes

AMERICAN FORK — Cody Greenland was uncertain what was taking place when three American Fork law enforcement officials all of a sudden converged on him with their Tasers drawn in a retailer car parking zone.

In police physique digicam video, Greenland has a glance of shock on his face as he holds a bag of meals in a single hand and a bottle of Mountain Dew within the different. Greenland, nevertheless, complied with the instructions of officers, put his palms within the air and knelt on the bottom with each knees, although he continued to query what he had executed.

Just some seconds later, a fourth American Fork police officer, D.T. Cannon — who had simply arrived on the scene, in keeping with court docket paperwork — got here operating on the West Jordan man and tackled him from behind.

“I might really feel officer Cannon coming. I might hear his tools on him jiggling and I might really feel one thing coming. I do not know should you’ve ever been tackled with out pads or something — I bought hit within the backbone by his knee. It like knocked the wind out of me immediately. All I might consider was to inform them, ‘Cease!’ ‘Do not!’ And try to shield my face as a result of he was immediately punching me within the head and face,” Greenland recalled.

Greenland, whose face was bloodied each from being punched and hitting the pavement, mentioned that he nonetheless has a continuing ringing in his ears from the beating, has short-term reminiscence loss and has a tough time concentrating — and suffers from post-traumatic stress dysfunction. Greenland admits he has had struggles previously with dependancy, which has gotten him in hassle with the legislation. However he mentioned he has by no means been handled like that.

“I have been arrested previously. I do know what occurs when you do not comply. I did precisely what they had been asking, and I used to be attempting to get them to inform me what I would executed unsuitable,” he mentioned.

Tuesday, Greenland alongside together with his legal professional, Robert Sykes, introduced a federal lawsuit this week towards Cannon, the American Fork Police Division, town, and several other different American Fork law enforcement officials. Greenland, 38, claims his constitutional rights had been violated by police, saying they used extreme pressure, made an illegal seizure, and several other officers didn’t intervene and stop Cannon from attacking him.

The American Fork Police Division mentioned Tuesday it was simply studying of the lawsuit and didn’t instantly have a remark.

On April 17, 2020, Greenland had been kicked out of the condo he was dwelling in and was looking for his girlfriend. She advised him she was procuring at Goal, 57 N. 700 West, in American Fork. Greenland bought a journey to the car parking zone. He had all his belongings with him in a few duffle luggage and trash luggage.

He discovered his girlfriend’s automobile within the car parking zone, however she was not there and the automobile was locked. Greenland left his luggage on the automobile and went to a close-by retailer. Within the meantime, police obtained a number of studies of a person attempting to get into vehicles into the car parking zone, in keeping with charging paperwork,

Greenland had simply exited a retailer after shopping for meals and was “armed with a bottle of Mountain Dew,” Sykes mentioned, and was strolling again to his girlfriend’s automobile when three officers converged on him. Sykes mentioned his shopper was not armed and was cooperative.

“There have been no aggressive assertion or actions,” he mentioned.

In response to charging paperwork, Greenland “assumed a defensive preventing stance” and “wouldn’t obey officers’ instructions.” But in police physique digicam video he seems to be kneeling together with his palms within the air.

Within the video, moments after kneeling on the bottom, Cannon tackles Greenland. Greenland will be heard yelling repeatedly on the officers, “I am good” and “Cease!”

Surrounding officers twice deployed Tasers on him as they tried to place him in handcuffs. Greenland saved telling the officers, “Do not tase me no extra, dude,” and “Do not hit me like that man” whereas asking a number of instances, “What am I being arrested for?”

“You guys hate me or one thing? Why do you hate me?” Greenland asks within the video recording.

“You are not grievance,” an officer is heard telling Greenland.

When Greenland states that he was being compliant, an officer is heard replying with an obscenity.

Greenland did have medication in his pockets and was ultimately charged in 4th District Courtroom with a number of counts of drug possession as effectively and interfering with an arrest.

When he was arrested, American Fork police famous of their reserving affidavit that “Greenland pulled away from officers as they made preliminary contact. He then refused verbal instructions. Whereas officers tried to detain Greenland, he continued to withstand and was tased.”

Greenland mentioned Tuesday he was not resisting, however his pure intuition was to guard his face, after which he was hit with a Taser, inflicting him to quickly lose the use his arms.

“You are locking up on the similar time you are attempting to defend your self. You may’t transfer your arms, you may’t reply to what they’re telling you to do whenever you’re being tased like that and punched within the face and head on the similar time. I might say that he punched me 30 instances,” he mentioned, whereas additionally including that one in all his palms was stomped on.

Despite the fact that police discovered Greenland had medication in his pockets, that they had no cause to look him, in keeping with Sykes. After the case went to court docket, a movement was filed by Greenland’s protection legal professional for proof to be suppressed and the costs towards him had been ultimately dismissed.

Greenland had a number of different instances pending towards him at the moment. He admits he had medication on that day and that he had been preventing dependancy for a few years. However that didn’t give police the best to deal with and use Tasers on him, he mentioned.

“I do know that my file appears to be like unhealthy. And as you may see within the video, they did discover medication on me, which nonetheless would not justify them punching me within the face,” he mentioned.

Since that day two years in the past, Greenland mentioned he has turned his life round and is sober, which he mentioned he wanted to do first earlier than addressing his arrest. However he mentioned he knew as he was on the bottom that he’d sometime be searching for the physique digicam movies.

“As a result of I knew I hadn’t executed something unsuitable,” he mentioned. “Instantly, I knew it wasn’t proper.”

Within the movies, Greenland mentioned officers will be heard telling him that they consider the movies will present the alternative, that police had been justified of their actions.

“I suppose they’re simply attempting to defend themselves as a result of they know they’re unsuitable, which is normally just like the response from a baby or anyone once they inform a lie once they’ve executed one thing unsuitable. Anyone that is seen the video is aware of that I did not do something unsuitable, that I used to be doing what they had been asking me to do.

“I may need been scared, however I wasn’t attempting to assault them,” he mentioned.

Extra tales you could be interested by

Prince Andrew Served With Sexual Abuse Lawsuit Filed By Virginia Giuffre

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, has been served with a sexual assault lawsuit filed in opposition to him by one in every of Jeffrey Epstein’s accusers, in keeping with New York federal court docket information.

Andrew is being sued within the US District Courtroom for the Southern District of New York by Virginia Giuffre, 38, who alleges the duke sexually abused her on a number of events in New York, London, and on Epstein’s non-public island within the US Virgin Islands between 2000 and 2002 when she was beneath the age of 18.

The duke has repeatedly denied having intercourse with Giuffre, most notably in a disastrous November 2019 BBC interview by which he tried to defend himself, claiming to have by no means met her. Shortly after the interview aired, Andrew introduced that he was “stepping again” from royal public duties.

The affidavit of service filed Friday states {that a} member of Andrew’s safety workforce formally obtained discover of the lawsuit in opposition to him at his residence, Royal Lodge on the grounds of Windsor Fort, on Aug. 27.

Within the affidavit, Cesar Augusto Sepulveda stated that it took him two days to ship the paperwork as a result of on his first try on Aug. 26, Andrew’s safety workforce advised him that that they had been instructed to not settle for service of any court docket course of or “permit anybody attending there for the aim of serving court docket course of onto the grounds of the property.”

When he returned the following day, Sepulveda met with Andrew’s head of safety, who advised him he might go away the paperwork with one of many Royal Lodge guards and they’d be forwarded to the duke’s authorized workforce. The pinnacle of safety refused to permit Sepulveda to serve Andrew in individual.

The paperwork record London-based felony protection legal professional Gary Bloxsome because the duke’s lawyer. BuzzFeed Information reached out to Bloxsome for touch upon the affidavit of service and the doc’s declare that his safety workforce had been instructed to not obtain court docket paperwork. He didn’t reply.

Nevertheless, in keeping with ABC Information, Bloxsome reportedly questioned the legality of the service and known as Giuffre’s authorized workforce’s actions “regrettable” in a letter obtained by the community. Within the doc, which ABC Information stated was despatched by Bloxsome to British judicial official senior grasp Barbara Fontaine on Sept. 6, the lawyer claimed that the way in which by which the lawsuit was served makes the service invalid beneath British legislation.

“Absent being happy of some superb cause to take action, our consumer is extremely unlikely to be ready to comply with any type of different service whereas the method to service of those proceedings stays irregular and the viability of the declare stays open to doubt,” Bloxsome reportedly wrote.

The primary pretrial convention will happen just about through phone on Monday. It’s unclear whether or not attorneys representing Andrew will take part in any respect, as no paperwork have been filed in federal court docket in his protection.

A lawsuit threatens drastic cut to UC Berkeley’s fall enrollment : NPR

A lawsuit from indignant neighbors threatens U.C. Berkeley with having to chop enrollment by a 3rd to scale back environmental influence, and shedding $57 million. It is now as much as the state supreme courtroom.


A lawsuit threatens to chop UC Berkeley’s fall enrollment by a 3rd. Now the college is asking California’s Supreme Court docket to step in. In the meantime, the college desires to ship out acceptance letters whereas it appeals the enrollment freeze. Sarah Hosseini from member station KQED has the story.

SARAH HOSSEINI: Seventeen-year-old Aniyah Story, an Oakland Excessive Faculty senior, is attempting to determine the place to go to school.

ANIYAH STORY: Each time I see, like, a university in my electronic mail, I get actually excited as a result of it is round that point the place choices come out. So let me see if I can discover it.

HOSSEINI: She comes throughout as sharp, passionate and concerned. So it is not exhausting to think about her inbox filled with acceptance letters. Amongst her prime picks, proper on her residence turf, is UC Berkeley. However the letter from them says…

STORY: It says, we need to thanks for contemplating UC Berkeley. After which they type of clarify the scenario.

HOSSEINI: …In brief, that her odds simply obtained slimmer.

STORY: I felt simply type of like my probabilities simply type of slipped away from me.

HOSSEINI: A 2019 lawsuit by neighbors of the UC Berkeley campus has resulted in a choose reducing incoming enrollment by about 30%. Just a few blocks away from the UC Berkeley campus, retiree Phil Bokovoy lives in a giant home on a large road with views of the hills. Within the final 20 years, enrollment at his alma mater grew by 40%. He says the neighborhood has modified loads since then.

PHIL BOKOVOY: Housing displacement, noise, elevated waste – and I actually am unhappy at what we have misplaced in Berkeley, and that is why I have been main our group’s efforts to carry the college accountable.

HOSSEINI: Bokovoy is president of Save Berkeley’s Neighborhoods, the group that filed the unique lawsuit along with town of Berkeley.

BOKOVOY: This home throughout the road used to have a household that lived there, with children, and it become what we name a mini dorm. And two homes up right here, there’s 14 college students residing in 2,500 sq. toes.

HOSSEINI: Bokovoy says earlier than Cal accepts extra college students, it wants to supply housing for those it already has. Ten p.c of Berkeley’s college students reported they’d skilled homelessness whereas on the faculty in a 2017 survey. Cal ultimately agreed to pay town $83 million, and town withdrew from the swimsuit. However the neighbors persevered, and in August, the courtroom required the college to freeze enrollment at 2020 ranges. A choose stated it wants to review and deal with the increasing pupil physique’s environmental impacts on town at giant, one thing he stated it repeatedly did not do. Now Cal is asking the state Supreme Court docket to pause that cap whereas it appeals. Cal spokesman Dan Mogulof.

DAN MOGULOF: We’re within the course of proper now of exploring each conceivable choice to mitigate the choice if it may possibly’t be reversed.

HOSSEINI: Mogulof says the college is attempting to construct extra housing, however these sorts of authorized challenges gradual issues down. In the meantime, he says admitting fewer freshmen would value the college about $57 million, probably limiting monetary assist for low-income college students and shrinking class choices.

MOGULOF: We all know how exhausting these 1000’s of scholars have labored with a view to acquire entry into Berkeley, and we do not need to allow them to down.

HOSSEINI: Mogulof says the college is contemplating partnering with different colleges and inspiring college students to graduate or take their programs on-line. Late final week, Gov. Gavin Newsom joined Cal in asking the state Supreme Court docket to remain the choose’s order. Whereas all that is happening, Oakland Excessive Faculty senior Aniyah Story is aware of she would not have far more time to determine the place she’s going to highschool.

STORY: And it is simply very emotional about it, as a result of it is a faculty that I am very serious about going to, that plenty of my buddies and classmates are serious about going to.

HOSSEINI: UC Berkeley is urging the Supreme Court docket to behave shortly so we will let 1000’s of would-be college students like story know what’s potential by the top of March. For NPR information, I am Sarah Hosseini in Berkeley.

Copyright © 2022 NPR. All rights reserved. Go to our web site phrases of use and permissions pages at for additional info.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by an NPR contractor. This textual content will not be in its remaining type and could also be up to date or revised sooner or later. Accuracy and availability might fluctuate. The authoritative document of NPR’s programming is the audio document.