Which countries are sending military aid to Ukraine? | Russia-Ukraine crisis News


Because the conflict between Ukraine and Russia continues to escalate after Moscow despatched its troops into its neighbouring nation, a number of nations throughout the globe are sending army help to Kyiv.

In keeping with Ukraine’s well being ministry, the battle has killed greater than 350 civilians because the starting of Russia’s invasion.

The UN’s refugee company additionally believes at the least 368,000 individuals have fled Ukraine to neighbouring nations, largely to Poland.

So, which nations are sending army help to Ukraine?

United States

On February 25, President Joe Biden instructed the State Division to launch as much as a further $350m price of weapons from US shares to Ukraine.

In a memorandum to Secretary of State Antony Blinken, Biden directed that $350m allotted by the Overseas Help Act be designated for Ukraine’s defence.

Ukraine has been asking for Javelin anti-tank weapons and Stinger missiles to shoot down plane.

The Pentagon stated the weapons included anti-armour, small arms, physique armour and numerous munitions in help of Ukraine’s front-line defenders. A State Division spokesperson stated anti-aircraft methods have been additionally included within the materials.

Over the previous yr, the USA has dedicated greater than $1bn in safety help to Ukraine, Blinken stated.

United Kingdom

In January, Defence Secretary Ben Wallace stated the UK had “taken the choice to produce Ukraine with mild anti-armour defensive weapon methods”.

On Wednesday, Downing Avenue promised army help to Ukraine, together with deadly defensive weapons.

“In mild of the more and more threatening behaviour from Russia and according to our earlier help, the UK will shortly be offering an additional package deal of army help to Ukraine,” Prime Minister Boris Johnson advised parliament. “It will embody deadly help within the type of defensive weapons and non-lethal help.”

INTERACTIVE Russia-Ukraine map Who controls what in Ukraine DAY 5(Al Jazeera)

France

France, which has already despatched assist, is dispatching extra army gear in addition to gas.

Paris stated it has acted on earlier Ukrainian requests for defensive anti-aircraft and digital weapons.

The Netherlands

The Netherlands will provide air defence rockets and anti-tank methods to Ukraine, the Dutch authorities stated in letters to parliament on Saturday.

The Dutch authorities agreed to a Ukrainian request to quickly ship 200 Stinger air defence rockets and 50 “Panzerfaust 3” anti-tank weapons with 400 rockets, the letters stated.

It’s also collectively contemplating sending a Patriot air defence system alongside Germany to a NATO battle group in Slovakia, it stated.

Germany

Germany will provide Ukraine with 1,000 anti-tank weapons and 500 Stinger surface-to-air missiles from Bundeswehr shares for defence in opposition to Russia.

It’s a main shift from Berlin’s longstanding coverage of banning weapon exports to a battle zone.

“The Russian invasion of Ukraine marks a turning level. It’s our obligation to do our greatest to help Ukraine in defending itself in opposition to Putin’s invading military,” German Chancellor Olaf Scholz stated on Saturday.

Canada

Ottawa is sending deadly army weaponry to Ukraine and loaning Kyiv half a billion Canadian {dollars} ($394m) to assist it defend itself.

Sweden

Stockholm can be breaking its historic impartial stance to ship 5,000 anti-tank rockets to Ukraine in addition to subject rations and physique armour.

It’s the first time Sweden has despatched weapons to a rustic in armed battle because the Soviet Union invaded neighbouring Finland in 1939.

Belgium

Belgium says it’s going to provide Ukraine with 3,000 extra computerized rifles and 200 anti-tank weapons, in addition to 3,800 tonnes of gas.

Portugal

Portugal is giving Ukraine night-vision goggles, bulletproof vests, helmets, grenades, ammunition and computerized G3 rifles.

Greece

Greece, which has a big diaspora neighborhood in Ukraine – 10 of whom have been killed – is sending “defence gear” in addition to humanitarian help.

Romania

Romania – which shares a border with Ukraine – is providing to deal with wounded individuals from the disaster zones in its 11 army hospitals in addition to sending gas, bulletproof vests, helmets and different “army materials” price $3.3m.

Spain

The Spanish authorities has promised to ship 20 tonnes of help to Ukraine, largely medical and defensive gear reminiscent of bulletproof vests.

Czech Republic

Prague stated Saturday it’s sending Ukraine 4,000 mortars “within the subsequent few hours” in addition to an arsenal of 30,000 pistols, 7,000 assault rifles, 3,000 machine weapons, many sniper rifles and 1,000,000 bullets.

The Czechs had already promised Kyiv 4,000 mortars price $1.6m which have but to be delivered.

Map: Which countries are accepting Ukrainian refugees? | Infographic News


Almost 120,000 individuals have fled Ukraine into Poland and different neighbouring international locations within the wake of Russia’s invasion, the UN has stated.

Almost 120,000 individuals have fled Ukraine into Poland and different neighbouring international locations within the wake of Russia’s invasion, the UN refugee company (UNHCR) has stated.

Vehicles have been backed up for a number of kilometres at some border crossings as authorities in Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova mobilised to obtain Ukrainians and supply shelter, meals and authorized assist. Filippo Grandi, the UN’s excessive commissioner for refugees, stated most of those that had left had headed to Poland and Moldova.

Many of the arrivals had been ladies and youngsters. All males aged between 18 and 60 have been banned from leaving the nation to take up arms and combat.

Poland, which was already residence to an estimated 1.5 million Ukrainians earlier than Russia’s invasion and which has expressed steadfast help for Ukraine, has thus far seen the majority of these fleeing Ukraine cross into its territory.

INTERACTIVE- Where are Ukrainians fleeing day 3 - 120000[Al Jazeera]

World visa necessities for Ukrainians

On Friday, Eire introduced it was instantly lifting visa necessities for Ukrainians. The UN stated the variety of individuals searching for refuge exterior of Ukraine to different international locations might rise to 5 million. A number of European international locations are getting ready for an inflow of Ukrainian refugees and have provided humanitarian assist. The US stated it was offering emergency support however signalled that Europe ought to be their major vacation spot.

Ukrainians can journey to some 140 international locations and territories with out the necessity for a visa or with a visa on arrival. The map under reveals the visa necessities for Ukrainians as of February 26.

INTERACTIVE- Visa requirements for Ukrainians[Al Jazeera]

Closed airspace and cancelled flights

Ukraine closed its airspace to civilian flights on February 24, citing a excessive threat to security. Russia additionally closed its airspace for civilian flights on its western border with Ukraine and Belarus. A number of airways have cancelled flights to Kyiv. The European Union stated it might prohibit exports of plane components to Russia.

In latest weeks, dozens of nations have urged their residents to depart Ukraine. Many airways have usually prevented flying over japanese Ukraine since 2014, after Malaysia Airways flight MH17, flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, was shot down over separatist-held territory. All 298 individuals on board, 198 of whom had been Dutch residents, had been killed.

The map under reveals the flights over Europe on February 26.

INTERACTIVE- Closed airspace and cancelled flights over Ukraine[Al Jazeera]

Ukraine’s primary inhabitants centres

Ukraine has an estimated inhabitants of 44 million – the seventh-largest in Europe. The nation contains 24 areas, generally known as oblasts. The nation’s inhabitants has declined for the reason that Nineties with fertility charges among the many lowest on the planet. As of 2020, Ukraine’s fertility fee was simply 1.2. For context, to ensure that a inhabitants to stay secure, an total complete fertility fee of two.1 is required.

Ukraine is the second-largest nation in Europe, after Russia. At 603,550sq km (233,031sq miles), Ukraine is a bit smaller than the US state of Texas, about thrice smaller than India, half the scale of South Africa and about two and a half occasions the scale of the UK.

The map under reveals the place the nation’s inhabitants are concentrated.

INTERACTIVE- Ukraine main population centres 2021[Al Jazeera]

Battle at a look

After months of tensions and intense diplomacy, Russian forces launched a “particular army operation” in Ukraine on February 24. Explosions had been heard throughout the nation. Kyiv declared martial regulation, saying Ukraine will defend itself.

On Saturday, combating reached the streets of Ukraine’s capital as Russia presses forward with its invasion. Under is a abstract of the battle at a look.

INTERACTIVE- Conflict at a glance[Al Jazeera]

Sci-Hub downloads show countries where pirate paper site is most used


Sci-Hub library seen on the screen of laptop and a student in front of it.

Researchers worldwide have used Sci-Hub to entry hundreds of thousands of papers. Credit score: Alamy

Obtain figures for Sci-Hub, the favored however controversial web site that hosts pirated copies of scientific papers, reveal the place individuals are utilizing the location most. The statistics present that customers accessing Sci-Hub from China are by far probably the most energetic — and that with greater than 25 million downloads, utilization in China outstrips the remainder of the highest ten nations mixed (see ‘World useful resource’).

Maybe surprisingly, the figures additionally present that the USA, in second place, has about one-third as many downloads, at 9.3 million. “There’s a widespread opinion that Sci-Hub is of no use in the USA, as a result of universities have cash to pay for subscriptions, however that isn’t true,” says Alexandra Elbakyan, the location’s founder.

The statistics are up to date day by day and present the variety of downloads from every nation over the previous month — however they don’t seem to be normalized for the dimensions of the analysis inhabitants.

GLOBAL RESOURCE. Graphic showing articles downloaded from Sci-Hub in the last month. Data correct as of 24th February 2022.

Supply: Sci-Hub

The info additionally counsel that researchers in nations whose universities lack the sources to pay for bulk subscriptions are making heavy use of the service. Many countries with fewer scientific sources seem in within the prime 20, together with Brazil (2.8 million downloads), Mexico (750,000) and Colombia (375,000). That doesn’t shock Juan Carlos Correa, an information scientist on the Prague College of Economics and Enterprise. “Latin America is just not a area the place scientists take pleasure in aggressive remuneration in contrast with different areas,” he says. “Most establishments in Latin America lack sources to pay subscription-based providers corresponding to these supplied by giant editorial corporations.”

Limiting components

The info include a number of vital caveats. The figures embrace solely downloads from authentic Sci-Hub web sites, not any reproduction or ‘mirror’ website, which might have excessive visitors in locations the place the unique area is banned. And digital personal networks (VPNs), which are sometimes used to bypass bans in nations corresponding to the UK, can skew the outcomes by making it seem that customers are in a unique nation. That is most likely why the Seychelles sometimes seems amongst Sci-Hub’s prime 20 nations — the tiny island nation hosts a number of fashionable VPN providers. And an ongoing authorized battle in India might be affecting use among the many nation’s researchers. With 1.8 million downloads, India is in fifth place on the record, regardless of having the second-highest variety of particular person customers, in accordance with Elbakyan.

Juan Pablo Alperin, co-director of the Scholarly Communications Lab at Simon Fraser College in Vancouver, Canada, cautions towards studying an excessive amount of right into a single month’s knowledge. “On the very least, I’d have a look at a 12 months of information, the place there’s some correction for the completely different tutorial calendars. For instance, a lot of South America takes holidays in January and February, so these numbers are most likely considerably depressed,” he says. Normalizing for inhabitants, analysis funding or variety of printed outputs would additionally present extra helpful comparisons, he provides.

Regardless of these limitations, Correa says it’s clear from the information that Sci-Hub is fulfilling a necessity in lots of elements of the world. “Sci-Hub has highlighted how a really passionate neighborhood in direction of scientific endeavours exploits various mechanisms to entry scientific literature,” he says.