The Dutch city where industry–academia collaborations flourish


Julie Gould: 0:09

Hey, I am Julie Gould and that is Working Scientist, a Nature Careers podcast. Welcome to the sequence Past Academia, the place we discover the motion of individuals between academia and different sectors.

Over the past 5 episodes of this sequence, Past Academia, we have explored how individuals transfer between sectors, from academia to business and the opposite method throughout a porous membrane that exists between them.

This membrane, albeit metaphorical, is, in a method, a really actual barrier to some individuals switching between careers. The variations in working cultures and environments make breaking via the barrier troublesome.

So, on this final episode of the sequence, I need to discover: “Is there a method to take away this barrier, this membrane? Is there a method that cooperation and collaboration can work seamlessly, the place individuals can transfer from business to academia and again once more, with none issues?”

Some imagine sure, some imagine no. And a few imagine possibly. I requested among the individuals who I spoke to for this sequence about whether or not or not they imagine these obstacles might be damaged down.

The primary individual I requested was David Bogle, the professional vice provost of the doctoral faculty at College School London, as he was the one who first spoke to me in regards to the motion of individuals between sectors.

David Bogle: 1:34

I want to see that membrane restricted, however I do not see any exercise to cut back it.

There’s discuss of enhancing analysis tradition, however not lowering the hyper-expectations of researchers. So it’s going to all the time be troublesome for them to step apart and transfer.

Julie Gould: 1:55

Fiona Watt, beforehand the director of the Medical Analysis Council right here within the UK, and now the newly-appointed director of EMBO, the European molecular biology group, believes that there’s a vivid future for the collaboration between business and academia, particularly within the biomedical sciences subject, the place she has spent her profession.

However she additionally believes that we have to be cautious about what it means for the standard college setting.

Fiona Watt: 2:21

The engine of success might shift from being the schools, to being different methods or environments during which analysis is finished.

So the danger could be the schools merely produce the researchers, who then are dispersed and have careers exterior of academia.

So then, who would lose?

Effectively, the mission of biomedical analysis could be a winner. The person individuals who adopted these careers could be winners. However doubtlessly the losers could be the traditional college tutorial setting.

That is what I believe we’ve got to be actually conscious of. You already know, we discuss quite a bit in regards to the significance of range. However we regularly fail to assume, properly, you already know, are we really very enticing for a various workforce? And if not, the college sector…its relevance will wane.

Julie Gould: 3:23

Dario Alessi, the director of the division of sign transduction remedy on the College of Dundee in Scotland, thinks that eradicating these obstacles is feasible. So long as there’s belief.

Dario Alessi: 3:36

I believe there’ll all the time be a sort of barrier. I imply, ideally, the barrier will likely be much less however, you already know, the way in which corporations work, they’re engaged on typically fairly confidential tasks, they’re competing with different corporations, they can not be as open and clear about what they’re doing, at the least, you already know, in sure phases of the tasks.

There’s a whole lot of authorized restraints, how corporations work, and the way individuals working within the corporations, what they will share, what they will speak about, you already know, which makes it troublesome, I believe, for them to typically, you already know, to behave freely with lecturers except they belief them, except the proper agreements are in place to allow the communications and change of reagents to happen.

That creates a barrier, however it’s not insurmountable. You already know, there is a barrier…you must get the authorized features and confidentiality features in place. After which then you may work collectively.

An important factor I believe, in any collaboration, is belief. This should not be ignored. Long run belief, collaboration will actually allow the obstacles to be dissolved to to a naked minimal.

Julie Gould: 4:47

Now, some teams have really tried breaking down these obstacles, and so they have had a whole lot of success. One instance relies within the Netherlands.

The Eindhoven College of Know-how in The Netherlands was based in 1956, as a request by the federal government and by the native business.

Know-how giants like Philips Electronics and DAF have been on the lookout for a spot the place engineers might be skilled up, able to enter into the workforce with all the talents and information they wanted for the job.

Robert-Jan Smits 5:17

From the origin of the Eindhoven of College of Know-how, from the very, say, backgrounds, working along with business, reaching out to business, having exchanges between employees, from business, academia is in our blood, in our genes.

Julie Gould: 5:33

That was Robert-Jan Smits, the president of the Eindhoven College of Know-how.

He is been working there for nearly two and a half years. And he advised me that there are a number of methods during which the college serves the business sector.

The primary is like every other college. It’s to offer expertise to the commercial sector. The second is to work on collaborative tasks…

Robert-Jan Smits 5:54

…whereby fairly often, as an example, now synthetic intelligence is an enormous factor. And the excessive tech business is certainly investing huge time in synthetic intelligence.

And due to this fact we’ve got arrange an institute on synthetic intelligence. It is a college, the place we’re working very a lot with the business, the excessive tech business, on particular functions, like, as an example, medical diagnostic instruments, and for automotive.

Julie Gould: 6:20

And the third is inside their academic system, which is influenced by the commercial sector. The college has invested in one thing referred to as problem primarily based studying.

Robert-Jan Smits: 6:29

These are teams of scholars who’re addressing a given problem. And a whole lot of these challenges are outlined by the excessive tech business in our area. Outlined algorithms, which permit us to do that, this and that. After which a gaggle of scholars go after that.

Julie Gould 6:47

And the ultimate method that the sectors collaborate is that there’s porosity.

Robert-Jan Smits 6:52

Lots of researchers from business, that are academics, professors at our college, they’ve assignments at our college.

We’ve got individuals from our college who work at business just a few days every week.

Julie Gould: 7:05

However, says Robert, there do have to be some boundaries set in place. In any other case this collaborative atmosphere would not work. And the primary of those is tutorial freedom.

Robert-Jan Smits 7:15

We’ve got our personal particular goal, mandate, mission, position in society.

And naturally, you’re employed with business, however autonomy is for us key.

We after all, the analysis and the results, the outcomes of our analysis are printed.

And we’re publishing these outcomes, regardless of the consequence is. So in different phrases, even when the business might not be pleased with the end result, we nonetheless publish. We’re sticking to, after all, scientific autonomy.

Julie Gould: 7:45

The opposite boundary situation is as regards to property rights.

Robert-Jan Smits 7:49

It is fairly necessary as properly that you’ve got very clear preparations about mental property, in order that there isn’t any misunderstanding whenever you generate information, how it may be utilized by the researcher on the college and by the corporate with whom you might be working collectively.

And thus far, we’ve got not encountered main difficulties in that.

Julie Gould: 8:00

The Eindhoven College of Know-how is definitely half of a bigger innovation ecosystem the place the excessive tech business is situated.

Within the Eighties, Philips and DAF have been the most important corporations in Eindhoven. However they have been in disaster. After main restructuring, and with the assistance of town, Philips determined to open their doorways and actually knocked down the fences to permit for extra collaboration with the remainder of society.

Robert-Jan Smits 8:35

And so they embrace an open innovation philosophy. And so they let others are available in. They open their labs. They went for cooperation. And that, I believe, has led to the success of the area. Cooperation, reaching out to one another, a partnership.

Julie Gould: 8:54

This bigger ecosystem is named Brainport…

Robert-Jan Smits 8:58

…the place there’s a stunning cooperation within the triple helix context, the place the native authorities, the excessive tech business, and college work collectively on this Brainport setting.

And there’s a multi annual agenda technique developed collectively, whether or not it’s with regard to the mayor and the mayor’s workplace, in Eindhoven, or the excessive tech business or the college collectively, we outline the technique, the imaginative and prescient and the ambition of our area.

And we make it possible for there are not any bottlenecks or obstacles to make this perform.

So I believe that is very a lot the explanation why additionally, regardless of our origin, that we’ve got been created on the request of business. Issues in our area work extraordinarily clean, as a result of there’s this fixed interplay and dialogue.

As a result of on the finish of the day, it is all about belief. It is about human interactions. It is reaching out to one another and being prepared to share issues and to be open.

Julie Gould 9:59

So how can different universities embrace this openness with the opposite sectors to be able to permit for extra porosity? Robert believes that biases have to be gotten rid of.

As an illustration, the assumption inside the tutorial neighborhood that publications accomplished in collaboration with business are of decrease high quality, much less affect and fewer citations.

The opposite concern, says, Robert, is that the business will dictate the route of analysis. And to that, he says, what could be the purpose?

Robert-Jan Smits: 10:29

Effectively, our business in our area is by no means dictating our analysis or making an attempt to control it. They need to have the very best information that’s obtainable. And so they typically inform us to be utterly out of the field pondering.

One of many corporations lately inform us (and it was a really attention-grabbing dialogue) the CEO stated, “I’ve just one request to you on the College at Eindhoven. Shock us. Shock us, problem us, include full out of the field pondering new concepts even when they’re loopy and utterly upsetting our present method of working. That is what we count on from you.”

So in case you are prepared to succeed in out to your atmosphere, to the business in your area, and also you construct up belief, you’ll uncover that you could work as a college and autonomy.

You’ll be able to uncover that you’ve got allies and companions who’re prepared to assume with you, to embark on the general public personal partnerships, prepared to help your college students.

And prepared to assume that you simply additionally long run in the advantage of society. So it is a win win for everybody. However there are nonetheless so many obstacles and partitions between academia and business. And I see that additionally in different universities within the Netherlands. And it is time that we break these down.

Julie Gould: 11:47

If these obstacles might be damaged down and these biases might be eliminated, like on the Eindhoven College of Know-how, then porosity might change into extra fluid. This is hoping. Thanks for listening. I am Julie Gould.

Salt Lake City mayor terminates mask mandate in city buildings, vehicles


New circumstances of COVID-19 have decreased throughout the state, whereas most Utah counties fall beneath CDC’s high-risk class.

(Rick Egan | The Salt Lake Tribune) Salt Lake Metropolis Mayor Erin Mendenhall says a number of phrases on the UTA Central Station, as mayors and county council members rode UTA to advertise Free Fare February and have a good time the twentieth anniversary of the beginning of the 2002 Olympic Winter Video games in Salt Lake Metropolis, on Tuesday, Feb. 8, 2022.

Masks are now not required in Salt Lake Metropolis buildings and automobiles, Salt Lake Metropolis Mayor Erin Mendenhall introduced Tuesday.

Mendenhall wrote in a tweet that she ended the mandate amid a lower in COVID-19 case counts after consulting with the Facilities for Illness Management and the Salt Lake County Well being Division.

On Friday, the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention outlined a brand new set of measures for areas experiencing low or medium ranges of COVID-19 in an space. Salt Lake County falls within the medium-risk class, that means individuals at excessive threat for extreme illness ought to train warning, however wholesome people can take a break from carrying masks.

Numbers reported Tuesday by the Utah Division of Well being present a continued decline in new circumstances, hospitalizations and ICU occupancy charges throughout the state.

Utah reports 278 COVID-19 cases, 8 new deaths, as Salt Lake City ends mask mandate


Von Satter swabs his nostril for a COVID-19 check on the College of Utah in Salt Lake Metropolis on Jan. 31. The Utah Division of Well being reported 278 new circumstances and eight deaths on Tuesday. (Scott G Winterton, Deseret Information)

Estimated learn time: 2-3 minutes

SALT LAKE CITY — Utah well being officers reported eight extra COVID-19 deaths on Tuesday, together with 278 new circumstances.

The rolling, seven-day common for brand spanking new optimistic exams is now 434 per day, down barely from the 438 common reported Monday. The seven-day common for optimistic exams is 14.1%, persevering with a decline.

Additionally Tuesday, Mayor Erin Mendenhall terminated the chief order requiring masks in metropolis buildings and automobiles.

{#twitter}

The unique govt order was issued on July 28, 2021, and was finished in accordance with Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention pointers on the time to assist shield towards COVID-19. The CDC issued new pointers on Feb. 25 after the downturn in COVID-19 circumstances, stating that people with “low” or “medium” threat communities are not suggested to put on masks indoors.

As a result of new pointers, Mendenhall issued a termination of the order, “efficient instantly.”

New Utah knowledge

In response to state well being officers, the three-day development for COVID-19 circumstances within the state is declining for every completely different space in Utah, and the state as an entire has been persevering with an “incidence decline” in its epidemic curve since Jan. 21.

Utah’s “syndromic surveillance,” which was final reported on Feb. 27, is at 54 and is decrease than it has been since June 21, 2021. This quantity represents the seven-day common of the variety of emergency division visits the place people are displaying signs of COVID-19, influenza or RSV, respiratory syncytial virus.

At present, 314 individuals are hospitalized within the state with COVID-19, in accordance with the well being division. Of these sufferers, 70 are in intensive care models. Simply over half of hospital beds are at the moment in use, in accordance with Tuesday’s report, and just below 70% of ICU beds.

Faculty kids account for 29 of Tuesday’s new circumstances. Of these circumstances, eight had been kids between ages 5 and 10, 9 had been ages 11-13, and 12 had been ages 14-17.

The well being division reported one other 3,756 folks in Utah who had been examined and a pair of,928 who had been vaccinated since Monday’s report.

There have now been 4,417 COVID-19 deaths in Utah for the reason that pandemic started. Two of the newest deaths occurred previous to Feb. 1, and two deaths reported by the well being division on Dec. 14 had been retracted.

The newest COVID-19 deaths embrace:

  • A Davis County lady, between 25 and 44, who was hospitalized when she died.
  • A Duchesne County man, 65-84, hospitalized.
  • A Salt Lake County lady, 45-64, hospitalized.
  • A Salt Lake County lady, 65-84, hospitalized.
  • A Tooele County man, 65-84, hospitalized.
  • A Utah County man, 65-84, hospitalized.
  • A Washington County man, over 85, long-term care facility resident.
  • A Weber County lady, 65-84, hospitalized.

Contributing: Arianne Brown

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Man lying in road hit, killed in West Valley City


West Valley police are investigating a deadly auto-pedestrian accident Tuesday involving an individual who a witness mentioned was mendacity in the course of the highway when he was hit and killed. (Kristin Murphy, Deseret Information)

Estimated learn time: Lower than a minute

WEST VALLEY CITY — A person who police say was mendacity in the course of the highway was hit and killed in a single day in West Valley Metropolis. Police say the case is being investigated as a drunken driving incident.

About 1:30 a.m. Tuesday, an individual was mendacity within the highway on 4000 West at 4480 South for an unknown cause. A driver heading south noticed the darkish object and was within the technique of turning round to test it out, when a northbound driver who didn’t see the person ran over the sufferer, mentioned West Valley Police Lt. Invoice Merritt.

“The person was pinned underneath the automobile and was clearly deceased,” based on police.

The title of the 39-year-old sufferer was not instantly launched pending notification of relations.

Though police described the driving force of the automobile that hit the sufferer as cooperative, the driving force was additionally suspected of driving underneath the affect and was arrested.

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Russia pummels Ukraine’s No. 2 city and convoy nears Kyiv


A lady holds her new child child inside a basement used as a bomb shelter on the Okhmadet youngsters’s hospital in central Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday, Feb. 28, 2022. Explosions and gunfire which have disrupted life because the invasion started final week appeared to subside round Kyiv in a single day, as Ukrainian and Russian delegations met Monday on Ukraine’s border with Belarus. It is unclear what, if something, these talks would yield. Terrified Ukrainian households huddled in shelters, basements or corridors, ready to search out out. (AP Photograph/Emilio Morenatti)

Estimated learn time: 7-8 minutes

KYIV, Ukraine — Russian strikes pounded the central sq. in Ukraine’s second-largest metropolis and different civilian targets Tuesday and a 40-mile convoy of tanks and different automobiles threatened the capital. Ukraine’s embattled president accused Moscow of resorting to terror techniques to press Europe’s largest floor warfare in generations.

With the Kremlin more and more remoted by robust financial sanctions which have tanked the ruble foreign money, Russian troops superior on Ukraine’s two greatest cities on Day 6 of an invasion that has shaken the twenty first century world order. In Kharkiv, a strategic jap metropolis with a inhabitants of about 1.5 million, a minimum of six individuals had been killed when the area’s Soviet-era administrative constructing was hit. Explosions tore via residential areas, and a maternity ward relocated to an underground shelter.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy known as the focused assault on Kharkiv’s major sq. “frank, undisguised terror,” blaming a Russian missile and calling it a warfare crime. “No one will forgive. No one will neglect. … That is state terrorism of the Russian Federation.”

In an emotional attraction to the European Parliament later, Zelenskyy stated: “We’re preventing additionally to be equal members of Europe. I imagine that at the moment we’re exhibiting all people that’s what we’re … We’ve confirmed that, at least, we’re the identical as you.”

Along with the strikes on cities, reviews have emerged that Moscow has used cluster bombs on three populated areas. If confirmed, that may signify a worrying new stage of brutality within the warfare — and will result in even additional isolation in Russia.


We’re preventing additionally to be equal members of Europe. I imagine that at the moment we’re exhibiting all people that’s what we’re … We’ve confirmed that, at least, we’re the identical as you.

–Volodymyr Zelenskyy, Ukrainian President


Already, with Western powers sending weapons to Ukraine and driving a worldwide squeeze of Russia’s financial system, President Vladimir Putin’s choices have diminished as he seeks to redraw the worldwide map — and pull Ukraine’s western-leaning democracy again into Moscow’s orbit.

The Kremlin denied Tuesday that it has used such munitions and insisted once more that its forces solely have struck army targets — regardless of proof documented by AP reporters of shelling of properties, faculties and hospitals.

Unbowed by Western condemnation, Russian officers upped their threats of escalation — days after elevating the specter of a nuclear assault. The Russian protection minister vowed Tuesday to press the offensive till it achieves its targets, whereas a prime Kremlin official warned that the West’s “financial warfare” in opposition to Russia might flip right into a “actual one.”

A primary spherical of talks Monday between Ukraine and Russia yielded no cease within the preventing, although either side agreed to a different assembly in coming days.

All through the nation, many Ukrainian civilians spent one other night time huddled in shelters, basements or corridors. Greater than a half-million individuals have fled the nation, and the U.N. human rights workplace stated Tuesday that it has recorded the deaths of 136 civilians, together with 13 youngsters. The true toll is probably going far larger.

“It’s a nightmare, and it seizes you from the within very strongly. This can’t be defined with phrases,” stated Kharkiv resident Ekaterina Babenko, taking shelter in a basement with neighbors for a fifth straight day. “We’ve babies, aged individuals and admittedly talking it is extremely scary.”


We’ve babies, aged individuals and admittedly talking it is extremely scary.

–Ekaterina Babenko, Kharkiv resident


A Ukrainian army official stated Belarusian troops joined the warfare Tuesday within the Chernihiv area, with out offering particulars. However simply earlier than that, Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko stated his nation had no plans to hitch the struggle.

The precision bombing of Kharkiv’s Freedom Sq. — Ukraine’s largest plaza, and the nucleus of public life for town — was a turning level for a lot of Ukrainians, brazen proof that the Russian invasion wasn’t nearly hitting army targets but additionally about breaking their spirits.

The strike blew out or shattered home windows and partitions of buildings that ring the large central sq., which was piled excessive with particles and mud. Inside one constructing, chunks of plaster had been scattered, and doorways, ripped from their hinges, lay throughout hallways.

“Individuals are below the ruins, we now have pulled out our bodies,” stated Yevhen Vasylenko, consultant of the Emergency Conditions Ministry in Kharkiv area. Along with the six killed, he stated 20 had been wounded within the strike.

Regional administration chief Oleh Sinehubov stated that a minimum of 11 individuals had been killed and scores of others had been wounded the day earlier than, throughout Monday’s shelling of town.

A view shows the area near the regional administration building, which city officials said was hit by a missile attack, in central Kharkiv, Ukraine, Tuesday.
A view reveals the realm close to the regional administration constructing, which metropolis officers stated was hit by a missile assault, in central Kharkiv, Ukraine, Tuesday. (Photograph: Vyacheslav Madiyevskyy, Reuters)

One after the opposite, explosions burst via a residential space of Kharkiv in a single video verified by AP. Within the background, a person pleaded with a lady to go away, and a lady cried.

Decided for all times to go on regardless of the assaults, hospital employees transferred a Kharkiv maternity ward to a bomb shelter. Amid makeshift electrical sockets and mattresses piled up in opposition to the partitions, pregnant girls paced the crowded area, accompanied by the cries of dozens of newborns.

Russia’s targets in hitting central Kharkiv weren’t instantly clear. Western officers speculated that it’s attempting to drag in Ukrainian forces to defend town whereas a bigger Russian drive encircles Kyiv. They imagine Putin’s total purpose is to overthrow the Ukrainian authorities and set up a pleasant one.

Zelenskyy stated Russia was utilizing the strikes to place stress on his authorities. He didn’t supply particulars of the talks between Ukrainian and Russian envoys, however he stated Monday night time that Kyiv was not ready to make concessions “when one facet is hitting one other with rocket artillery.”

In the meantime, Russian troops superior towards Kyiv, a metropolis of almost 3 million. The convoy of armored automobiles, tanks, artillery and assist automobiles was 25 kilometers (17 miles) from the middle of town and stretched about 65 kilometers (40 miles), in keeping with satellite tv for pc imagery from Maxar Applied sciences.

In a worrying growth, Human Rights Watch has stated it documented a cluster bomb assault outdoors a hospital in Ukraine’s east in latest days. Native residents have additionally reported using the munitions in Kharkiv and the village of Kiyanka close to the northern metropolis of Chernihiv, although there was no impartial affirmation.

The Worldwide Prison Court docket chief prosecutor has stated he plans to open a Ukraine investigation and is monitoring the battle.

Flames shot up from a army base northeast of Kyiv, within the suburb of Brovary, in footage taken from a automobile driving previous. In one other video verified by AP, a passenger pleads with the driving force, “Misha, we have to drive rapidly as they will strike once more.”

And Ukrainian authorities launched particulars and images of an assault Sunday on a army base in Okhtyrka, a metropolis between Kharkiv and Kyiv, saying greater than 70 Ukrainian troopers had been killed together with some native residents. The assault couldn’t be instantly confirmed.

The Russian army’s actions have been stalled by fierce resistance on the bottom and a stunning lack of ability to dominate Ukraine’s airspace.

Ukrainians used resourcefulness to attempt to cease the Russian advance: On a freeway between Odesa and Mykolaiv in southern Ukraine, residents piled tractor tires crammed with sand and topped with sandbags to dam Russian army convoys. In Kyiv, sandbags had been heaped in entrance of doorways and home windows of Metropolis Corridor.

Within the face of that Ukrainian resistance and crippling Western sanctions, Putin has put Russia’s nuclear forces on excessive alert — together with intercontinental ballistic missiles and long-range bombers — in a stark warning to the West and a sign of his readiness to escalate the tensions to a terrifying new stage. However a senior U.S. protection official, talking on situation of anonymity, stated the US had but to see any considerable change in Russia’s nuclear posture.

Western nations have elevated weapons shipments to Ukraine to assist its forces defend themselves — however have up to now dominated out sending in troops.

As far-reaching Western sanctions on Russian banks and different establishments took maintain, the ruble plummeted, and Russia’s Central Financial institution scrambled to shore it up, as did Putin, signing a decree proscribing overseas foreign money.

However that did little to calm Russian fears. In Moscow, individuals lined as much as withdraw money because the sanctions threatened to drive up costs and cut back the usual of dwelling for tens of millions of atypical individuals.

The financial sanctions, ordered by the U.S. and different allies, had been only one contributor to Russia’s rising standing as a pariah nation.

Russian airliners are banned from European airspace, Russian media is restricted in some international locations, and a few high-tech merchandise can now not be exported to the nation. Worldwide sports activities our bodies moved to exclude Russian athletes — within the newest blow Tuesday, Russians had been barred from worldwide ice skating occasions.

Contributing: Robert Burns, Eric Tucker, Francesca Ebel, Josef Federman, Andrew Drake, Lorne Cook dinner, different AP journalists from around the globe

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Russian forces shell Ukraine’s No. 2 city and menace Kyiv


A girl reacts to sirens saying new assaults exterior a grocery store in central Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday. Ukraine moved to solidify its bond with the West on Monday by making use of to affix the European Union. (Emilio Morenatti, Related Press)

Estimated learn time: 7-8 minutes

KYIV, Ukraine — Russian forces shelled Ukraine’s second-largest metropolis on Monday, rocking a residential neighborhood, and closed in on the capital, Kyiv, in a 17-mile convoy of lots of of tanks and different automobiles, as talks geared toward stopping the combating yielded solely an settlement to maintain speaking.

Amid ever-growing worldwide condemnation, Russia discovered itself more and more remoted 5 days into its invasion, whereas additionally dealing with unexpectedly fierce resistance on the bottom in Ukraine and financial havoc at house.

For the second day in a row, the Kremlin raised the specter of nuclear struggle, saying that its nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarines and long-range bombers had all been placed on excessive alert, following President Vladimir Putin’s orders over the weekend.

Stepping up his rhetoric, Putin denounced the U.S. and its allies as an “empire of lies.”

In the meantime, an embattled Ukraine moved to solidify its ties to the West by making use of to affix the European Union — a largely symbolic transfer for now, however one that’s unlikely to take a seat nicely with Putin, who has lengthy accused the U.S. of making an attempt to drag Ukraine out of Moscow’s orbit.

A high Putin aide and head of the Russian delegation, Vladimir Medinsky, mentioned that the primary talks held between the 2 sides because the invasion lasted practically 5 hours and that the envoys “discovered sure factors on which frequent positions may very well be foreseen.” He mentioned they agreed to proceed the discussions within the coming days.

People lie on the floor in the improvised bomb shelter in a sports center, which can accommodate up to 2,000 people, in Mariupol, Ukraine,  Sunday.
Folks lie on the ground within the improvised bomb shelter in a sports activities middle, which might accommodate as much as 2,000 individuals, in Mariupol, Ukraine, Sunday. (Picture: Evgeniy Maloletka, Related Press)

Because the talks alongside the Belarusian border wrapped up, a number of blasts may very well be heard in Kyiv, and Russian troops superior on the town of practically 3 million. The huge convoy of armored automobiles, tanks, artillery and help automobiles was 17 miles (25 kilometers) from the middle of the town, in response to satellite tv for pc imagery from Maxar Applied sciences.

Folks in Kyiv lined up for groceries after the tip of a weekend curfew, standing beneath a constructing with a gaping gap blown in its facet.

Messages aimed on the advancing Russian troopers popped up on billboards, bus stops and digital visitors indicators throughout the capital. Some used profanity to encourage Russians to go away. Others appealed to their humanity.

“Russian soldier — Cease! Keep in mind your loved ones. Go house with a clear conscience,” one learn.

Video from Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second-biggest metropolis, with a inhabitants of about 1.5 million, confirmed residential areas being shelled, with house buildings shaken by repeated, highly effective blasts. Flashes of fireside and grey plumes of smoke may very well be seen.

Footage launched by the federal government from Kharkiv depicted what gave the impression to be a house with water gushing from a pierced ceiling. On the flooring sat what appeared like an undetonated projectile.

Authorities in Kharkiv mentioned at the very least seven individuals had been killed and dozens injured. They warned that casualties may very well be far increased.

“They needed to have a blitzkrieg, but it surely failed, so that they act this manner,” mentioned 83-year-old Valentin Petrovich, who watched the shelling from his downtown house and gave simply his first title and his Russian-style center title out of worry for his security.

The Russian army has denied focusing on residential areas regardless of ample proof of shelling of houses, colleges and hospitals.

People wait in a queue outside a supermarket in central Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday.
Folks wait in a queue exterior a grocery store in central Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday. (Picture: Emilio Morenatti, Related Press)

Combating raged in different cities and cities throughout the nation. The strategic port metropolis of Mariupol, on the Sea of Azov, is “hanging on,” mentioned Zelenskyy adviser Oleksiy Arestovich. An oil depot was reported bombed within the jap metropolis of Sumy.

Within the seaside resort city of Berdyansk, dozens of protesters chanted angrily in the primary sq. towards Russian occupiers, yelling at them to go house and singing the Ukrainian nationwide anthem. They described the troopers as exhausted younger conscripts.

“Frightened youngsters, frightened seems to be. They need to eat,” Konstantin Maloletka, who runs a small store, mentioned by phone. He mentioned the troopers went right into a grocery store and grabbed canned meat, vodka and cigarettes.

“They ate proper within the retailer,” he mentioned. “It appeared like they have not been fed in latest days.”

Throughout Ukraine, terrified households huddled in a single day in shelters, basements or corridors.

“I sit and pray for these negotiations to finish efficiently, in order that they attain an settlement to finish the slaughter,” mentioned Alexandra Mikhailova, weeping as she clutched her cat in a shelter in Mariupol. Round her, mother and father tried to console youngsters and maintain them heat.

For a lot of, Russia’s announcement of a nuclear excessive alert stirred fears that the West may very well be drawn into direct battle with Russia. However a senior U.S. protection official, talking on situation of anonymity, mentioned the US had but to see any considerable change in Russia’s nuclear posture.

As far-reaching Western sanctions on Russian banks and different establishments took maintain, the ruble plummeted, and Russia’s Central Financial institution scrambled to shore it up, as did Putin, signing a decree proscribing international foreign money.

However that did little to calm Russian fears. In Moscow, individuals lined as much as withdraw money because the sanctions threatened to drive up costs and scale back the usual of dwelling for thousands and thousands of extraordinary Russians.

Russian forces shell Ukraine's No. 2 city and menace Kyiv
Picture: Related Press

In one more blow to Russia’s financial system, oil large Shell mentioned it’s pulling in another country due to the invasion. It introduced it would withdraw from its joint ventures with state-owned gasoline firm Gazprom and different entities and finish its involvement within the Nord Stream 2 pipeline undertaking between Russia and Europe.

The financial sanctions, ordered by the U.S. and different allies, had been only one contributor to Russia’s rising standing as a pariah nation.

Russian airliners are banned from European airspace, Russian media is restricted in some nations, and a few high-tech merchandise can not be exported to the nation. On Monday, in a serious blow to a soccer-mad nation, Russian groups had been suspended from all worldwide soccer.

In different developments:

  • The chief prosecutor of the Worldwide Felony Court docket mentioned he’ll open an investigation quickly into doable struggle crimes and crimes towards humanity in Ukraine.
  • Cyberattacks hit Ukrainian embassies all over the world, and Russian media shops.
  • The US introduced it’s expelling 12 members of Russia’s U.N. mission, accusing them of spying.
  • The 193-nation U.N. Normal Meeting opened its first emergency session in many years, with Meeting President Abdulla Shahid calling for a right away cease-fire and “a full return to diplomacy and dialogue.”
People wait in a queue outside a supermarket in central Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday.
Folks wait in a queue exterior a grocery store in central Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday. (Picture: Emilio Morenatti, Related Press)

The U.N. human rights chief mentioned at the very least 102 civilians have been killed and lots of wounded — warning that determine might be an enormous undercount — and Ukraine’s president mentioned at the very least 16 youngsters had been among the many useless.

Greater than a half-million individuals have fled the nation because the invasion, one other U.N. official mentioned, lots of them going to Poland, Romania and Hungary.

Among the many refugees in Hungary was Maria Pavlushko, 24, an info know-how undertaking supervisor from a metropolis west of Kyiv. She mentioned her father stayed behind to battle the Russians.

“I’m proud about him,” she mentioned, including that lots of her pals had been planning to battle too.

The negotiators at Monday’s talks met at an extended desk with the blue-and-yellow Ukrainian flag on one facet and the Russian tricolor on the opposite.

However whereas Ukraine despatched its protection minister and different high officers, the Russian delegation was led by Putin’s adviser on tradition — an unlikely envoy for ending a struggle and maybe an indication of how critically Moscow took the talks.

It wasn’t instantly clear what Putin is looking for within the talks, or from the struggle itself, although Western officers imagine he needs to overthrow Ukraine’s authorities and change it with a regime of his personal, reviving Moscow’s Chilly Warfare-era affect.

At this stage, Ukraine is a few years away from reaching the requirements for attaining EU membership. Any addition to the 27-nation bloc have to be authorized unanimously by its members, and Ukraine’s deep-seated corruption might make it exhausting for the nation to win acceptance.

Nonetheless, in an interview with Euronews on Sunday, EU Fee chief Ursula von der Leyen mentioned: “We wish them within the European Union.”

Contributing: Ellen Knickmeyer, Eric Tucker, Robert Burns, Hope Yen, James LaPorta, Francesca Ebel, Josef Federman, Andrew Drake, Mstyslav Chernov, Nic Dumitrache, Lorne Cook dinner and others all over the world

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A new liquor store opens in West Valley City, ready to handle online sales — if the Utah Legislature OKs funds


Ribbon is minimize on West Valley Metropolis location, which is constructed to deal with a pilot program for on-line liquor gross sales.

(Francisco Kjolseth | The Salt Lake Tribune) A brand new state liquor retailer opens in West Valley Metropolis at 5432 West Excessive Market Drive, Suite F, on Monday, Feb. 28, 2022, providing wine, liquor and refrigerated beer.

Utah has opened its first liquor retailer designed to let prospects order booze on-line and choose it up on-site — if the Legislature decides to fund the pilot program.

Officers for the state’s Division of Alcoholic Beverage Management minimize the ribbon Monday on the brand new liquor and wine retailer, in West Valley Metropolis’s Excessive Market Procuring Heart at 5432 W. Excessive Market Drive. The situation is supplied to deal with DABC’s pilot program, referred to as Click on ‘n’ Acquire — which can permit prospects to order liquor on-line and choose it up within the retailer.

This system’s launch depends on the Utah Legislature funding it on this yr’s price range. The DABC is asking for round $3.2 million to launch the pilot program. The price range has not but handed by way of the Legislature, whose common session ends Friday.

“Now we have per week left of the session, and we’re cautiously optimistic that we’ll achieve success with that funding,” mentioned Tiffany Clason, DABC’s govt director.

(Francisco Kjolseth | The Salt Lake Tribune) Tiffany Clason, govt director of the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Management, broadcasts the opening of a brand new state liquor retailer in West Valley Metropolis at 5432 West Excessive Market Drive, Suite F, on Monday, Feb. 28, 2022, providing wine, liquor and refrigerated beer.

Clason mentioned the cash would go towards IT infrastructure to assist a strong e-commerce website with a safe cost system. As soon as the digital infrastructure is operating, the Click on ‘n’ Acquire program would launch on the West Valley retailer, in addition to between three and 5 current shops.

If the Legislature approves the funding, Clason mentioned, work on the digital infrastructure may begin in July — and, Clason mentioned, DABC hopes to launch the service in the summertime of 2023.

The brand new West Valley Metropolis location capabilities like every other state liquor retailer, so prospects can store for liquor, wine and higher-alcohol beers in individual. The shop even has refrigerated instances for beer — one thing many state liquor shops didn’t have for a few years.

(Francisco Kjolseth | The Salt Lake Tribune) A brand new state liquor retailer opens in West Valley Metropolis at 5432 West Excessive Market Drive, Suite F, on Monday, Feb. 28, 2022, providing wine, liquor and refrigerated beer.

The situation, Clason mentioned, is anticipated to generate $3 million in gross sales the primary yr, and $300,000 in native gross sales tax income for West Valley Metropolis and Salt Lake County.

The brand new retailer additionally consists of, Clason mentioned, “a back-of-house space, in order that our workers can choose the merchandise for an order, after which field them up and place them in a particular place entrance of home — type of like a will-call space.”

Beneath the foundations for Click on ‘n’ Acquire, a buyer must stroll inside the shop to select up the acquisition — and retailer clerks must confirm that the client is identical one who made the order on-line.

As soon as the service is operating, Clason mentioned, “somebody may on their lunch break go browsing, place their order, work the remainder of the afternoon after which get off work, drive straight to the shop, go into the shop — however as a substitute of getting to attend in line, they will go to this particular pick-up space. They do the ID test — a secure ID has been established — then that buyer will have the ability to stroll away with their gadgets that they ordered.”

(Francisco Kjolseth | The Salt Lake Tribune) A brand new state liquor retailer opens in West Valley Metropolis at 5432 West Excessive Market Drive, Suite F, on Monday, Feb. 28, 2022, providing wine, liquor and refrigerated beer.

Here are the 13 Salt Lake City schools proposed for possible boundary changes or closures


The proposed record is on the agenda for the varsity board’s Tuesday assembly.

(Trent Nelson | The Salt Lake Tribune) Salt Lake Metropolis’s M. Lynn Bennion Elementary is proven in 2019, when it was proposed for closure. College board members determined to maintain the varsity open, however it’s now on a brand new proposed examine record of colleges which may be thought-about for boundary modifications or closure.

Going through enrollment declines that accelerated within the fall of 2020, Salt Lake Metropolis college board members have begun the method of evaluating colleges for potential boundary modifications or closures.

Board members requested Superintendent Timothy Gadson to develop a examine record earlier this month, after listening to that the anticipated continued drop in enrollment subsequent 12 months would assist 76.5 fewer instructing positions, underneath its formulation for staffing colleges. The board voted to trim 42 jobs as a substitute, which district officers anticipate will be performed by retirements and attrition, with out layoffs.

The agenda for the board’s Tuesday assembly features a examine record proposed to Gadson by Paul Schulte, the district’s govt director of Auxiliary Companies. He suggests evaluating 13 elementary colleges in 5 clusters, primarily based on the age of the buildings, enrollment, their utilization and proximity to different colleges. Two colleges are listed twice — Franklin and Wasatch elementaries.

(Christopher Cherrington | The Salt Lake Tribune)

A spokesperson for the district didn’t instantly remark.

A number of of the faculties on the brand new proposed record had been evaluated in 2019 by a committee of district staff and oldsters, and the group advised the closure of M. Lynn Bennion Elementary, positioned close to downtown at 429 S. 800 East.

Whereas the varsity board didn’t shut Bennion then, its enrollment has continued to say no and it’s on the brand new proposed examine record.

Bennion and 5 different colleges on the proposed new record had been recognized as “underutilized” within the 2019 evaluation, with house for a further 250 college students or extra. These colleges are Ensign, Franklin, Nibley Park, Parkview, and Riley.

Bennion, Edison and Riley are the three Salt Lake Metropolis elementary colleges on the proposed record the place all the college students are from low-income households. (There are 5 such elementary colleges within the district, together with Liberty and Meadowlark, based on the district’s 2021 enrollment report.)

Bennion mother and father, academics and college students opposed the closure suggestion at an emotional assembly in February 2019. They advised the board that greater than 1 / 4 of scholars at Bennion had been homeless, and at the very least 30 youngsters lived on the close by girls’s shelter for home violence victims a couple of blocks away. Practically 65 p.c of scholars had been minorities.

As a Title I college, Bennion receives supplemental federal funding resulting from its proportion of low-income households — one among a number of such colleges on the proposed new record.

(Christopher Cherrington | The Salt Lake Tribune)

— The Salt Lake Tribune will replace this growing story.

Sources

• District precinct maps and every precinct’s college board member.

• The district’s Fall 2021 Enrollment report. The numbers for every college are typically barely decrease than the numbers utilized in a newer finances report back to the board.

• The 2019 Equitable Use of Buildings report.

Complaint alleges Salt Lake City councilman broke campaign laws to get elected


The next story was reported by The Utah Investigative Journalism Venture in partnership with The Salt Lake Tribune.

Sore loser. Bitter grapes.

In hindsight, Billy Palmer figured that’s how individuals would doubtless see his marketing campaign finance grievance in opposition to fellow Metropolis Council candidate Alejandro Puy.

Palmer filed his grievance with the Salt Lake Metropolis Recorder’s Workplace on Nov. 1, the day earlier than the 2021 common election. He and Puy had been competing within the west aspect’s five-way District 2 race that ranked alternative voting would determine.

When the mud settled, Puy emerged because the victor, capturing 56% of the vote, with Palmer, at 44%, coming in second. Whereas the loss stung, Palmer stated he’s extra involved about the best way Puy gained.

“To me, there’s pushing the boundaries of the foundations — after which there’s simply throwing the rule books out, enjoying quick and free,” Palmer stated. “And I believe (Puy’s) marketing campaign, because the weeks went on, began to play a bit of extra quick and free.”

Puy campaigned aggressively, utilizing door-to-door canvassers, a glut of mailers and tv adverts to get his title on the market in District 2, which incorporates Glendale and Poplar Grove. A longtime political marketing consultant, Puy stated he personally pounded the pavement to unfold his message.

“Simply due to my background and what I do, individuals are going to say, ‘He didn’t do the work, and he should have gained due to one thing sketchy,’” Puy stated. “However the truth is, I knocked [on doors throughout] the entire district myself nearly twice.”

Palmer’s 10-page grievance alleged that Puy’s marketing campaign violated metropolis code by failing to reveal all expenditures and never stating the supply of funding on a number of mailers.

When requested in regards to the mailers that lacked the required funding disclosure, Puy stated he “had no feedback about that.”

He nonetheless talked of operating 60 campaigns within the metropolis, the state and throughout the nation, and pressured that “my monetary stories reveal that I paid for the mailers I paid for.”

Puy’s marketing campaign finance disclosures didn’t particularly reveal which mailers — or what number of — his marketing campaign had funded.

Emails from the places of work of the Salt Lake Metropolis recorder and lawyer instantly after the election indicated that many of the points recognized in Palmer’s grievance didn’t represent a authorized foundation for a candidate’s disqualification however acknowledged that Puy’s marketing campaign violated metropolis code by distributing supplies “with out the ‘paid for by –’ attribution language.”

Palmer’s marketing campaign was advised it might search “any cures you deem applicable in district courtroom.”

Searching for reforms

Palmer stated he had no intention of suing. As a substitute, he hoped town would launch an investigation into what had occurred after which bolster its legal guidelines to restrict the inflow and affect of wealth on native races.

“The Metropolis Council seat is one most linked to the individuals that you simply serve,” Palmer stated. “I really feel just like the individuals right here deserve an advocate, somebody looking for them.… If any individual helped you buy your place, you owe it to them [to identify that benefactor].”

Palmer’s grievance additionally alleged that Puy’s enterprise, Landslide Political, coordinated efforts with a political motion committee named Battleground Utah to bypass town’s caps on marketing campaign contributions that candidates can obtain.

Puy denied any wrongdoing in a current cellphone interview and denounced any allegation that he secretly collaborated with the PAC.

“The premise was that as a result of the numbers didn’t add up, there was some darkish cash right here,” Puy stated, explaining that some bills confirmed up on subsequent disclosures because of the timing of invoices. He maintains that every part his marketing campaign did was aboveboard and by the foundations.

“I take this grievance as a sore loser who doesn’t perceive the method,” Puy stated of Palmer’s accusations.

Luke Garrott, who teaches political science on the College of Utah, served on the Salt Lake Metropolis Council from 2008 to 2016. In 2015, he helped set up town’s particular person marketing campaign contribution limits that exist at this time — $780 for council candidates and $3,640 for mayoral contenders.

In the middle of that course of, Garrott recalled a few of his council colleagues warning that reducing the caps would open the door for PACs to “fill the hole.”

“And that seems to be right,” Garrott stated.

Matthew Burbank, a U. political science professor who focuses on marketing campaign finance points, stated that campaigns and PACS typically coordinate in elections, however clear disclosure of expenditures is required.

Whereas Palmer may very well be accused of “grousing” over his election defeat, Burbank famous that he raised reliable questions on who’s spending what.

Complaints of undisclosed marketing campaign spending typically come up when PACs present oblique help to congressional or presidential candidates “the place it’s fairly simple to evade the legal guidelines by merely having a corporation that doesn’t have [campaign] limits do the spending,” Burbank stated. “And that’s one thing that basically is very problematic as a result of there’s no accountability for what that group does.”

Federal candidates often violate marketing campaign finance guidelines, Burbank stated, and face minimal penalties from the Federal Election Fee. If the unlawful donation wins you the election, then, by comparability, “it’s a reasonably small factor to pay a $500 nice for having violated the legislation.”

What about PACs?

Utah legislation doesn’t prohibit how a lot a PAC can spend nor does it bar a candidate from coordinating with a PAC. Beneath state legislation, such donations simply should be recognized.

Whereas Puy’s marketing campaign finance stories filed with town present commonplace donations, loans and in-kind contributions, nothing is attributed to Battleground PAC.

Battleground Utah PAC’s 2021 stories — filed with the state — point out expenditures made to Landslide Political totaling $25,151. However they don’t specify whose campaigns these funds assisted.

Battleground had a handful of donors, chief amongst them billboard firm Reagan Out of doors Promoting, which gave $6,000, and Dakota Pacific Actual Property, which contributed $5,000 — each in October.

Dakota Pacific’s web site touts the corporate as having raised and invested almost $400 million in a number of business and multifamily housing initiatives throughout the Salt Lake Valley and in different states.

Reagan Out of doors, based mostly in Salt Lake Metropolis, has often clashed with Salt Lake Metropolis officers over ordinances affecting the position of its indicators.

In the course of the 2015 mayoral marketing campaign, Reagan Out of doors pioneered using an excellent PAC in a neighborhood Utah race to spend hundreds opposing incumbent Ralph Becker with out restriction by contribution limits. The corporate put up billboards for each candidate difficult Becker, who had spent years advocating harder regulation of billboards.

Garrott known as Reagan Out of doors and advised it to not spend cash on his behalf.

“I needed to have the ability to say that I known as them and advised them to cease. I might defend that as not being coordination,” Garrott stated. However, the corporate, by way of it’s tremendous PAC, put up billboards supporting him.

Robert Kubichek, major officer for Battleground PAC, stated he knew nothing about Palmer’s grievance and declined to touch upon specifics.

The grievance in opposition to Puy contained photocopies of seven mailers, two of which contained the required “Paid for by Battleground Utah PAC.” The opposite 5 didn’t say who funded them.

An Oct. 28 screenshot of an advert that ran on CNN included the assertion “Paid for by the Committee to Elect Alejandro Puy.”

From July by way of November, city-filed stories indicated that Puy’s marketing campaign paid $29,280 to Landslide Political. Of that, $9,000 paid for “adverts,” whereas $12,500 went for “wages and mailers.” Puy’s LinkedIn account identifies him as chief working officer for Landslide Political since 2017.

To this point, Puy’s marketing campaign has reported 126 contributions totaling $43,112 and expenditures of $38,954, whereas Palmer’s marketing campaign has listed 334 contributions totaling $33,648 — all of which had been spent.

Latest abatement shows Salt Lake City is plagued by bad homeless policy


(Rick Egan | The Salt Lake Tribune) The Salt Lake Metropolis Police take part within the abatement of Fort Pioneer, on Thursday, Feb. 17, 2022.

Just lately I used to be witness to a different instance of Salt Lake Metropolis’s failed homeless coverage because the residents of Fort Pioneer had been evicted. The camp abatement, beneath an nameless and industrial-feeling overpass very a lot out-of-the approach and sarcastically inside eyeshot of the silo at Deseret Industries’ “welfare sq.,” displaced properly over 100 folks.

Some folks left early out of self-preservation, however many weren’t ready or just refused. Dwelling on the road has price these working people and any who refused to be evicted their technique of survival – tents and heat bedding, work instruments and garments, and anything price holding on to from important medicines to members of the family’ ashes, even the identification wanted to entry future providers.

And what’s the price to the taxpayers of this abuse of energy? We’ll by no means know the true price of the numerous cops in bullet-proof vests making time and half, the a number of dump vehicles making journeys backwards and forwards to the dump, the tow vehicles trailing automobiles and RVs to the already overcrowded impound tons from different sweeps, well being division and metropolis pickups roaming round. All of those sources we assign time and again to repeatedly upend the lives of some stray people after which do it once more subsequent week. The greenback price for every operation is measured in lots of of 1000’s certainly, to not point out the fundraisers that observe for impound and bail charges. The emotional trauma and fallout from dropping your property and having nothing is even tougher to measure, not to mention overcome.

Mayor Mendenhall blames different cities within the valley for kicking the homeless down the highway. Different metropolis mayors within the valley blame the state Legislature or the well being division for the abatements. For those who ask round sufficient, the sweeps would look like no one’s duty.

However the police are usually not funding themselves, they have a tendency to do what they’re instructed.

Though no one with the required energy was prepared to cease this explicit abatement (regardless of solely 4 shelter beds out there that day), the current sweep has been however certainly one of many, and it’ll certainly not be the final. The evicted persons are possible tenting in one other nameless spot; I hope their sleep goes uninterrupted.

Slightly than persevering with to spend tax cash on police-driven well being abatements, why don’t we simply present the lacking providers similar to bogs and showers, rubbish elimination, warming tents and blankets?

Jake Trimble, Salt Lake Metropolis

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