Rameshbabu Praggnanandhaa Defeats Chess World Champion Magnus Carlsen


After Rameshbabu Praggnanandhaa, 16, pulled off a shocking win in an elite fast chess event from his laptop in India on Monday, there have been no palms of fellow opponents to shake or snapping cameras to seize the second.

The person he had simply defeated, the world champion, Magnus Carlsen of Norway, was tending to the injuries of his surprising loss someplace offline.

And in Chennai, the place Praggnanandhaa lives, it was almost 3 a.m.

He texted his coach and woke his father to inform them in regards to the victory. Praggnanandhaa — also called Pragg — had simply develop into the youngest individual to defeat Carlsen, 31, since he grew to become world champion in 2013. Whereas his defeat of Carlsen, who has been struggling from the aftereffects of a Covid-19 an infection, doesn’t have an effect on the Worldwide Chess Federation world title, it nonetheless surprised the chess world and elated individuals in India.

On Wednesday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India congratulated “the younger genius” for his win on Twitter. “I want the proficient Praggnanandhaa the easiest for his future endeavours,” Mr. Modi wrote.

Sachin Tendulkar, a retired Indian cricket star thought of to be one of many biggest gamers within the sport’s historical past, additionally congratulated Praggnanandhaa on Twitter and described his win as “magical.”

“You’ve made India proud!” Tendulkar stated.

Praggnanandhaa orchestrated his defeat over Carlsen in 39 strikes. It was all of the extra exceptional as a result of he was taking part in with the black items, shifting second, with the disadvantages that entails, significantly in elite chess.

“He managed the sport, it felt, from begin to end, which is what Magnus does to individuals,” stated Levy Rozman, a world grasp who recaps tournaments and discusses technique on his YouTube channel, GothamChess, which has greater than 1.4 million subscribers.

Carlsen, who was additionally a high participant as a young person, opened with the Queen’s Gambit, shifting his queen’s pawn to d4. Praggnanandhaa declined the gambit. (Replay the sport at Chess24.)

Within the early and center levels of the sport, Rozman stated, Carlsen performed a exact sport, efficiently gaining a pawn, after which one other, placing him , however Praggnanandhaa compensated by maintaining the items he nonetheless had on the board lively and swarming Carlsen’s king.

“He used what was remaining on the board to launch a devastating counterattack,” Rozman stated.

The sport turned definitively on the thirty second transfer, when Carlsen made a transfer together with his knight that was later seen as an error. The choice prompted David Howell, a British grandmaster and a commentator on the chess streaming platform Chess24, to ask, “Is that this intelligent, or is that this insanity?”

The reply was quickly clear. Praggnanandhaa quickened his tempo and Carlsen appeared visibly pissed off. Seven strikes and about 10 minutes later, it was over.

After Praggnanandhaa’s win, Kaja Snare, a commentator for Chess24, requested him how he would have fun.

“I believe it’s about simply going to mattress, as a result of I don’t suppose I’ll have dinner at 2:30 within the morning,” Praggnanandhaa stated.

It had already been a exceptional evening for Praggnanandhaa. He additionally defeated Levon Aronian, the fourth-highest rated participant in historical past, originally of the competitors day.

Praggnanandhaa stated he had ready for the grueling event schedule by staying up late within the days main as much as it. “I’m nonetheless drained, but it surely’s fantastic,” he advised Chess24.

His early success didn’t maintain via the competitors, nonetheless. Praggnanandhaa did not qualify for the Airthings Masters quarterfinals, which started on Wednesday and whittled the pool to eight gamers, from 16.

Carlsen stays within the competitors, which he stated had been tougher due to lingering signs from a current Covid-19 an infection.

“It’s been a little bit bit higher in the present day,” Carlsen advised Chess24 on Monday, “however the first couple of days I used to be feeling like I’m OK, however I didn’t have the power, which made it exhausting to focus as a result of each time I attempted to suppose, I blundered.”

It was not the primary time Carlsen performed Praggnanandhaa, who grew to become the youngest ever worldwide grasp when he was 10 and have become a grandmaster at 12.

Carlsen defeated Praggnanandhaa in January, a month after Praggnanandhaa was invited by the worldwide federation to make the ceremonial first move in a world championship match between Carlsen and Ian Nepomniachtchi, a Russian grandmaster. Carlsen received his fifth straight world championship in that event.

After Praggnanandhaa defeated Carlsen this week, he advised The Times of India that he had obtained congratulatory messages from world wide, serving to him comprehend the importance of what he had completed.

“As a child selecting up the game, I had appeared as much as Magnus,” Praggnanandhaa stated. “I can all the time return to this sport and search confidence every time I want one sooner or later.”



Remembering Paul Farmer, a physician and global health care champion : NPR




DAVE DAVIES, HOST:

That is FRESH AIR. Paul Farmer, the doctor and anthropologist recognized for his long-standing efforts to carry well being care to among the poorest individuals within the growing world, died Monday in Rwanda on the grounds of a hospital and college he helped set up. He was 62. Companions in Well being, the worldwide group he helped discovered, mentioned he died of an acute cardiac occasion. Farmer labored on public well being initiatives in lots of international locations, growing methods for coping with tuberculosis, HIV and Ebola, along with offering primary reasonably priced care.

When The New York Instances contacted Dr. Anthony Fauci about Farmer’s dying, he wept within the interview, saying he and farmer had been like soul brothers. Farmer had long-standing ties to Haiti, the place he based a clinic many years in the past that may develop right into a community of six medical facilities across the nation. We have now a brief excerpt of my interview with Farmer in 2011, after he’d been deeply concerned in efforts to assist Haiti get well from a devastating earthquake the yr earlier than. He’d written a e book, 1 of 12 he authored known as, “Haiti After The Earthquake.”

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED NPR BROADCAST)

DAVIES: Now, in fact, one of many issues that you just notice within the e book is that enhancing well being situations in an impoverished place like Haiti is not only a matter of will and medical effort. It is a matter of coping with, you realize, the encompassing poverty and underdevelopment of the financial system. And also you write that the federal government of Haiti was typically ignored by worldwide aid companies and nongovernmental organizations. And also you say it was often known as the Republic of NGOs, that means there have been all of those assist organizations, all of them working round and ignoring the Haitian authorities itself, and that over time, that undermined everybody’s efforts. Give us an instance of this and why it’s dangerous.

PAUL FARMER: Effectively, let me give an instance that self-critiques as a result of that is one other factor I’ve discovered in attempting to write down critically about NGOs is that umbrage can be taken. And even essentially the most constructive critique is tough to get on the market, partly as a result of loads of NGOs are defensive in posture. And I believe you might do an evaluation concerning why this may be so. They’re struggling for what they regard as scarce assets. I perceive all that.

So to make use of our personal instance, Companions in Well being has been working in in Haiti for 25 years. Within the first 10 or 15 years, I might say that we have got loads of good work carried out with our Haitian colleagues. Once more, that is all Haitian led, constructed up a company with the Haitian management. All the staff have been Haitian, offering good medical providers or at the least respectable ones, however to a reasonably restricted space.

And we noticed that as our medical efforts grew, on the identical time, loads of the general public sector medical packages have been failing in the identical space. And so about 10 years in the past, we mentioned, nicely, what if we find yourself being responsible of what we’re criticizing? That’s permitting the general public well being sector to break down whilst we develop. What if we’re additionally responsible of that? And the way may we make plans – plan higher in order that we find yourself reinforcing public well being and likewise public schooling?

In Haiti, what had occurred was the general public sector was weak and underfunded, and other people talked so much about corruption and incapability to get issues carried out. And they also’d construct these parallel programs, the NGOs – therefore the Republic of NGOs. So what we did 10 years in the past – and I am – was to determine that every one of our growth would solely happen within the public sector. So what that meant can be we would not construct our personal hospitals or clinics however moderately rebuild or construct public sector clinics and transfer our workers into these clinics and amenities and attempt to beef up the general public sector that manner. So this isn’t the one strategy to strengthen public well being and public schooling in Haiti. It is only one manner. And we’ve inspired others to hitch us on this and make it much less of a beauty effort.

Now, after the earthquake, sarcastically, that argument obtained tougher to make as a result of the general public sector was exactly the group most affected by the earthquake when it comes to personnel, variety of lives misplaced, but additionally infrastructure. So now it is even of larger problem to work successfully with the federal government, and but, it is much more necessary to take action.

DAVIES: Assist us perceive why it would not work for personal assist companies, NGOs, to come back in and construct their very own community. I imply, should you go into central Haiti and construct your personal clinic, you rent Haitians. You deal with Haitians. You do good issues. Why is not that simply pretty much as good as the federal government doing it?

FARMER: Effectively, you realize, it may be simply pretty much as good. However take the instance of cholera once more. Cholera exploded, as I mentioned, like a bomb. It additionally exploded in among the very areas the place we have been working hardest and longest. And that isn’t as a result of we weren’t conscious of the significance of fresh water; it is that the NGO sector cannot exchange public works – and never in, you realize, Philadelphia or Boston and never in Rwanda or Haiti, both. So for some providers, you’ll be able to have service suppliers that aren’t public.

I imply, the Harvard instructing hospitals the place I work are personal, not-for-profit hospitals. So I am not making some ideologically pushed critique of personal sector engagement. It is simply to say there must be some public security internet. And I believe that is very true for the poorest as a result of, in any case, an NGO would not have a mandate, a authorized mandate, to offer primary entry to well being and schooling and clear water for the citizenry of Haiti or the citizenry of Honduras or america, actually. That is a public sector pact to offer these providers.

Nearly all of schooling in Haiti, most likely 85% of main and secondary schooling in Haiti, is personal. And I believe it is not an accident that that system is so privatized, and Haiti can be the nation with the best charges of illiteracy within the hemisphere. So there’s this connection, I believe.

DAVIES: It additionally strikes me that you just’re any person who’s been actually efficient at constructing efficient, you realize, medical remedy amenities in loads of locations. And on this position, as a U.N. particular deputy envoy, you are having to sort out the larger, broader stuff, financial growth points – I imply, the way you govern a rustic. You going to stick with that? Or do you need to get again to one thing that is extra in your discipline?

FARMER: I might very very like to get again to direct supply of medical care and, actually, to give attention to rebuilding within the well being care sector and likewise in coaching physicians and nurses. I’m stuffed with respect for individuals who attempt to tackle these large growth questions inside authorities and out of doors. And – however the satisfactions that one will get in direct service are fairly gratifying, emotionally and personally. And so, I believe, for me, you realize, ensuring that there is sufficient of my time spent on instructing and delivering care is actually going to maintain me on this for the long term.

And I believe most of my co-workers, together with my Haitian co-workers, really feel the identical manner, that generally when the large image is simply overwhelming or daunting or discouraging, there’s all the time the potential of the little image that’s responding to an issue. I imply, it is not like cholera is just a little drawback. Cholera is a large drawback. However it’s inside our attain, I believe, to enhance the standard of providers provided to individuals with cholera and the standard of preventive providers in a area. And so I will try to do each these issues, and plenty of of my co-workers are doing that as nicely.

DAVIES: Paul Farmer recorded in 2011. Farmer died Monday. He was 62.

Arising, Justin Chang opinions the brand new movie “Cyrano,” a musical based mostly on the Cyrano de Bergerac story starring Peter Dinklage. That is FRESH AIR.

(SOUNDBITE OF HILARY HAHN AND CORY SMYTHE’S “LIGHT MOVING”)

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M.L.S. Preview: New Team, New Faces and a New York Champion


Main League Soccer begins its season on Saturday, with an earlier begin and an accelerated end to accommodate the World Cup, one other growth crew (and plans for extra) and — for the primary time — a New York-area membership because the league’s reigning champion.

The common season will begin in February in order that it could actually wrap up with the M.L.S. Cup remaining on Nov. 5, the earliest date for the championship recreation in 20 years, and greater than a month sooner than final season’s remaining. The shift has been made to maintain the season out of the way in which of the World Cup, which kicks off on Nov. 21 in Qatar.

A disruption-free season is the purpose after the pandemic led to a major revamp of the 2020 marketing campaign and a delay and stadium restrictions in 2021. The league experiences that its gamers are 97 % vaccinated, which ought to assist loads.

For the sixth straight 12 months a season opens with a brand new growth crew: This 12 months the newcomer is Charlotte F.C., rising the variety of Main League Soccer groups with Soccer Membership of their names to a dozen.

There are extra to return: St. Louis Metropolis S.C. (Soccer Membership) joins subsequent 12 months, bringing the league to a metropolis with a sturdy soccer heritage. St. Louis would be the league’s twenty ninth crew when it takes the sector, and Las Vegas is anticipated to comply with for a fair 30. This week, Commissioner Don Garber stated the league was already trying past that. “We’re starting the method of deciding if it ought to increase to 32,” he stated. “There are different North American leagues with that many groups, and I feel our league may deal with that.” No remaining dedication has been made, although, he stated.

With Charlotte taking part in within the 75,000-capacity Financial institution of America Stadium, house of the N.F.L.’s Carolina Panthers, there may be an expectation that its house opener towards Los Angeles F.C. on March 5 will break the M.L.S. attendance file of 73,000, which was set on the 2018 remaining in Atlanta.

New York Metropolis F.C., which received its first league championship final season by defeating the Portland Timbers on penalties, is returning most of its key gamers, notably Valentin Castellanos, who led the league with 22 targets. It has since added the 26-year-old Brazilian Thiago Martins to bolster its protection. However regardless of its playoff heroics, N.Y.C.F.C. had solely the eighth finest file within the common season, and Cup repeats are uncommon: No crew has accomplished it because the Los Angeles Galaxy in 2011 and ’12.

“That’s the purpose, in fact, to win once more,” Coach Ronny Deila stated this week. He stated that whereas his crew’s season ended the place it wished to be final season, not every part was excellent, and that, he hoped, would drive his crew to enhance.

“We’re a champion,” he stated. “It’s all the time arduous to copy that. On the similar time, we have been 20 factors behind New England final 12 months.”

The New England Revolution posted the league’s finest file in 2021, a shocking 22-5-7 mark that was 12 factors away from the subsequent finest crew, however it’s going to look a bit totally different. New England bought Tajon Buchanan, the 22-year-old Canadian midfielder, to Belgium’s Membership Brugge; traded ahead Teal Bunbury to Nashville; and can quickly lose its rock, goalkeeper Matt Turner, to Arsenal. (Turner, now the USA nationwide crew’s No. 1, is anticipated to remain in New England by way of midseason.) The excellent news for the Revolution is that the reigning league M.V.P., Carles Gil, is again, and the veteran Jozy Altidore has been added for some extra scoring punch.

The Seattle Sounders almost received the Western Convention final 12 months regardless of taking part in all 12 months with out ahead Jordan Morris, who sustained a second main knee harm whereas on mortgage at Swansea Metropolis within the Premier League, and the Philadelphia Union could have loads of motivation after dropping to New York within the playoffs when lacking 11 gamers due to Covid.

And L.A.F.C. is all the time going to be a contender so long as it has attacker Carlos Vela. “Having Carlos is unimaginable,” Coach Steve Cherundolo stated. “He’s a purpose scorer. He can arrange targets. He’s an offensive risk, it doesn’t matter what explicit place he’s in. It’s nice to have him.”

However the brand new faces additionally embody youthful gamers, just like the 20-year-old Argentine midfielder Thiago Almada, who joined Atlanta United for the best switch price ever paid by the league: $16 million.

“We’re lately a part of the worldwide soccer ecosystem,” Garber stated. “That was not the case a number of years in the past. That is the primary 12 months the league has been within the high 5 in each incoming and outgoing participant gross sales. That’s not by luck and happenstances. It’s a targeted technique to spend money on youth improvement, to reap the benefits of a ripe and fertile market, and guarantee we proceed to have an appeal to product with worldwide gamers.”

Messi lately informed a Spanish tv channel, La Sexta, “I all the time had the dream of with the ability to take pleasure in and have the expertise of dwelling in the USA,” setting off an anticipated frenzy amongst stateside soccer followers. In fact, there is no such thing as a proof that he really plans to return.