Salman Rushdie received death threats for decades before the New York attack : NPR

Writer Salman Rushdie on the Blue Couch on the 2017 Frankfurt E book Truthful in Germany.

Hannelore Foerster/Getty Photos

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Hannelore Foerster/Getty Photos

Writer Salman Rushdie on the Blue Couch on the 2017 Frankfurt E book Truthful in Germany.

Hannelore Foerster/Getty Photos

For the final 33 years, the world-renowned writer Salman Rushdie has lived below menace due to his writing.

Rushdie was pressured into hiding after the publication of his 1988 novel, The Satanic Verses. It took almost a decade for Rushdie to develop into extra vocal and visual — although he continued to jot down tales. As we speak, Rushdie is extensively recognized for being a vocal defender of creative expression.

On Friday, he was scheduled to talk on that matter on the Chautauqua Establishment in western New York when a 24-year-old man went on stage and stabbed the writer in his neck and chest, New York State Police mentioned. Rushdie stays hospitalized. His attacker, Hadi Matar, was charged with tried homicide and assault.

Rushdie, 75, was born in India and later grew up in England. He has written 14 novels, lots of which have been translated in over 40 languages and obtained quite a few accolades. In 2008, Rushdie was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

Why some discovered Rushdie’s work offensive

The controversy started after Rushdie printed his fourth novel, The Satanic Verses, in 1988.

The story facilities on two Indian Muslims residing in England. It reimagines elements of the Prophet Muhammad’s life and in a single part means that the founding father of Islam might have flirted with polytheism.

Whether or not that interpretation is backed up by Islamic texts has been disputed by historians, however in a 2012 interview with NPR’s Morning Version, the writer mentioned that was irrelevant.

“My objective was to not write solely about Islam,” mentioned Rushdie, who was born to a Muslim household.

“For my part, the story — because it exists within the novel — displays moderately effectively on the brand new thought of the faith being born as a result of it reveals that it really might have flirted with compromise, however then rejected it; and when in triumph, it was fairly merciful.”

The backlash included violent protests, bookstore fires and an order to assassinate Rushdie

The Satanic Verses obtained instant and violent backlash from Muslims who discovered the e book’s depictions of Islam insulting.

Inside months of its publication, the novel was banned in a variety of international locations together with Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Sudan. His native nation of India banned the e book’s import.

The controversy additionally ignited violent protests and assaults on bookstores world wide. A number of individuals linked to the novel have been additionally below menace — together with Hitoshi Igarashi, a Japanese scholar who translated the e book, who was killed in 1991.

In 1989, Iran’s chief known as for Rushdie’s assassination and a bounty was supplied of a number of million {dollars}. Iran stepped again from the non secular order, often known as a fatwa, in 1998, saying it might “neither assist nor hinder assassination operations on Rushdie.” Nevertheless, the order has not been formally withdrawn.

Rushdie wrote a memoir about his time in hiding that was printed in 2012. He lived below the pseudonym Joseph Anton.

“One of many strangest facets of it’s that no one thought that this was going to final very lengthy,” he instructed NPR in 2012. “They mentioned, ‘Simply lie low for a number of days and let the diplomats and politicians do their work, and this will likely be resolved.’ As a substitute, in the long run, it took virtually 12 years.”

In an announcement, the literary freedom group PEN America mentioned Rushdie was focused for many years however “by no means flinched nor faltered.”

“We will consider no comparable incident of a public violent assault on a literary author on American soil,” CEO Suzanne Nossel wrote. “We hope and consider fervently that his important voice can’t and won’t be silenced.”

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