Category Archives: Security

How to Create a new copy of your Mac

Before installing macOS updates or upgrades, a mirror (or clone) of your Mac’s content is a wise thing to create, even if Time Machine backups are being made. Carbon Copy Cloner 6 (£29.90, bombich.com) is a hard drive cloning utility, offering regular backups or a clone of the system as a whole. Both Time Machine and Carbon Copy Cloner 6 may be used together, since the latter has older versions for Mojave and other OS’s.

Big Sur and Catalina alter the method that cloning a source object and then repairing the clone is done. It’s preferable to install macOS and then migrate from a copy than it is to just clone the data to your internal storage. This method is the only way to migrate from a hard drive to an M1 Mac. Using CCC, you won’t need to clone the System disk, since that would save space, but it is still possible to do so if you want to.

CCC offers almost a dozen choices. We’ve also prepared a few handy tips, including omitting files which may be transferred in bulk, and taking snapshots to make data recovery faster. Make sure your clone works by restoring test items even if you choose different values.

The proper method to clone your Mac

Set the source volume at a decent level

For example, you may name the backup you created with Carbon Copy Cloner, so it appears on the sidebar when you need it later. To clone your starting drive, click on the Source icon and then choose Macintosh HD as your source.

Choose a location

Consider how much space was used on your source, and be sure that the destination volume has the necessary space available for it. After that, choose the disk with enough free space to hold the clone using the Destination icon.

whether to cycle

Click Automation to choose an automatic cloning schedule. Daily backups are the standard, however with a seldom connected Mac, the disk may be unmounted without creating a clone.

scheduling information such as schedule length

When you have a Mac, it’s smart to turn it off when you aren’t using it and to keep twit from running overnight. If it is going to be down for the count, it is either best to do the backup job which would wake the system, or delay it until a better time. You have the option of not working on weekends.

There are five prohibited things.

When creating a clone, you may choose what you don’t want included in the task plan. In the main window, find the task plan button at the bottom and click it. It may be a good idea to maintain distinct copies of files like virtual machines, which change often while they are being used.

Choose Advanced settings

For the more skilled, CCC provides many solutions, including executing scripts before and after copying. When you are using your Mac, you may alter the priority of your copying jobs here if you want them to back up while they are occurring.

7 Go through a dry run before proceeding.

Do a comparison first, since a clone may fail to create the proper copies. When you need to estimate the final size of your PDF file before sending it to a printer, you may click on the Preview button and CCC will estimate the file size without sending the file. Find and correct the mistakes right away.

To start the attack, define 8 different source snapshots.

Think about having frequent backups. In the sidebar, choose Macintosh HD – Data or simply Data. That’s the name of the starting data volume. CCC will do a snapshot with each copy of that volume. Please enable CCC.

snapshot history

Old snapshots tend to eat up disk space, which is why most people are glad to hear that CCC’s default retention policy is sensible and perfect. If you want to customize the policy, be sure to check the amount of space that’s utilized.

Clone that hard drive

After you’ve finished the setup, just double-click the project’s task in the sidebar and choose the Run Now option to generate your first clone. The next slides show the clone’s progress in graphical form with a realistic estimate of the time needed to complete.

Task activities in check -> Conduct an audit.

Select the completed job in the Work History and look at the Task Trends button to get a summary of what was done in the completed task. Click the Start button in the main window if the task has to happen again.

A 12 system clone

If you want CCC to clone your whole system drive in addition to your System volume, use the Legacy Bootable Backup Assistant to create a complete bootable backup before proceeding to step 7.

It will need

a quarter hour

you will learn

to back up your files

You will have to

external storage with enough free space for Carbon Copy Cloner 6 and macOS 10.15 or later

To keep your WordPress website safe, follow these steps

While services like Wix and Squarespace have gained market share in the last few years, they are still much behind WordPress’s market domination. In addition to running on 40% of all websites on the internet, about 30 times greater than either Squarespace or Wix, the open-source content management system (CMS) is also running on 40% of websites not running an e-commerce system.

While you have the option to use it for free, you will find that Content Management Systems (CMS) like WordPress are very customizable and adaptable. Not only can it be turned into a forum, a social networking site, or an eCommerce platform that rivals numerous paid-for solutions like Shopify and BigCommerce, but it can also be converted into a forum, a social networking site, or an eCommerce platform that outshines those competitors. This prominence comes with a price, however.

Due to the inherent vulnerabilities of WordPress, it is a viable target for hackers that can take advantage of roughly half of the internet if they identify a vulnerability in the software. Thus, because of this, WordPress sites are likely to be targeted more frequently than any other CMS. In order to keep your website safe, follow these procedures.

Firewall

Bots constantly search the internet for new WordPress installs, regardless of whether or not your site is new. They will search for weaknesses, and once they locate one, they will begin poking at it. Using a firewall plugin to identify and block these attacks is highly recommended.

When it comes to free web security services, Wordfence is among the most popular. This plugin is straightforward to set up and will allow users to avoid becoming a target for malicious exploits while also helping search engines like Google discover you.

If someone is continuously making mistakes, they may be blocked from accessing your site, preventing them from brute-forcing their way in.

two-factor authentication

Instead of having unique user names and passwords, WordPress uses the same username and password for managing admin access. It is always good practice to use a strong password and to use distinct passwords for each of your WordPress websites. Additional security measures should be taken, such as enabling two-factor authentication.

Two-factor authentication (or “2FA”) is a commonly used security mechanism across the internet today that involves providing both a username and password, and also answering a verification question. Your username and password are only one component of your authentication information. You will also be required to enter a one-time passcode that is produced by an app or delivered to you by SMS. If you use sites like Facebook, PokerStars, or Amazon, you will likely already be using this method today. So, it’s definitely something you should be familiar with.

This functionality is not built into WordPress, so you’ll need to find a plugin to implement it. Firewall software like Wordfence is built-in, so there’s no need to download other plugins.

Make the switch to Cloudflare

When you register with Cloudflare, your site gets DNS support that gives you faster load times and better security. This application offers free of charge, and customers that sign up receive a library of premium features for commercial users.

By itself, Wordfence provides complete security by blocking access to critical files like wp-config.php without requiring users to do anything. However, you can combine Wordfence and Cloudflare to add layers of security to your WordPress installation by blocking access to wp-config.php and requiring users to solve a CAPTCHA before they are able to access the WordPress admin login screen.

Everything should be kept up-to-date

A regular basis, plugins and themes in WordPress are kept up to date as well. Plugging security problems in the software, making performance improvements, and adding new features are among the projects that a programmer can undertake in their day-to-day work. It goes without saying that our major priority is the first worry here, so keep an eye on your system and software for upgrades.

Automatic updates have been turned on in the previous few years, making this significantly easier. While updates are generally safe, occasionally an update will include difficulties that may prevent the add-ons from working correctly. When you use updates, please pay attention to this, and don’t forget to run the updates when you install the add-ons.

Any plugins or themes you are no longer using should be disabled and deleted. By removing the danger of an undiscovered exploit or from forgetting to apply a critical update, this prevents any sort of site hacking or data loss.

Always keep backups

Backuping your WordPress site will not help you protect it from being hacked. But it will make sure you have the option to keep using your site in the event of a domain transfer. This means that in the event of a major disaster, such the loss of your site’s whole directory, you will do a complete WordPress installation, wipe your server clean, and restore your backup.

To help prevent data loss, store your backups elsewhere from the location where your website is deployed.

WordPress has multiple premium and free automated backup solutions.

To Sum up

The open-source content management system still runs on 40% of all websites on the internet, nearly 30 times more than either Squarespace or Wix.

So if you want to keep your website protected, here are some steps you should take.

A firewall plugin can help detect these attacks and block them.
Two-Factor Authentication WordPress uses a standard username and password system for controlling who has access to your admin dashboard.

In addition to the usual precautions like using a strong password and having unique ones for each site, it is also a good idea to enable two-factor authentication for your WordPress accounts.

Unfortunately, WordPress doesn’t support this natively, so you’ll need to find a plugin to enable it.

Set Up Cloudflare Cloudflare is a third-party DNS service that offers a number of performance and security benefits to website owners.

Keep Everything Up-to-Date WordPress is updated on a regular basis, as are many of its plugins and themes.

Keep Backups Keeping a backup isn’t going to prevent your WordPress site from getting hacked.

Just remember to keep your backups somewhere other than the server where the site is installed.