It’s Never Too Late to Take Up Water Polo

It’s By no means Too Late is a collection about individuals who determine to pursue their desires on their very own phrases.

At 86, Mark Braly could be the world’s oldest water polo participant. And in keeping with Mr. Braly, a Texas native who now lives in Davis, Calif., he’s “actually the worst.” That will or is probably not true, however taking part in the game remains to be a formidable accomplishment for somebody who got here to the sport at 76: Water polo, which is performed with two seven-member groups, is a difficult one, requiring important skills, each cardio (for endurance) and anaerobic (for sprints).

Mr. Braly says he loves the camaraderie as a lot as he does the game. At present, his coed teammates include 40 gamers. A couple of are of their 20s; a lot of the others vary from their 30s by center age. Generally the workforce may be discovered bonding, postgame, at an area pizza restaurant or gathering for an important day.

“I typically make objectives, however there’s all the time the suspicion they have been the present of a form goalie,” Mr. Braly mentioned. “Each participant within the area is aware of my title as a result of they must shout fixed instructions.”

Mr. Braly compares water polo to basketball — however within the water. “You’re throwing the ball round and you’ve got a objective cage,” he mentioned. “I’m swimming arduous after we’re defending, and when I’ve to protect folks, I strive to pick different weak gamers. I’ve but to dam anybody.”

From his 20s by his 60s, when he retired from his place as a mission supervisor for the U.S. Workplace of Financial Adjustment (now known as the Division of Protection Workplace of Native Protection Group Cooperation), Mr. Braly held various jobs: reporter for The Houston Press, publicist at Capitol Information (“I assumed the Seaside Boys had no future”), director of the power workplace for former Mayor Tom Bradley of Los Angeles and a overseas service officer for america Data Company (now defunct).

Regardless of all of that, Mr. Braly mentioned, “of all of the experiences I’ve had, water polo has been the best journey.”

No matter his self-evaluation as a participant, he conjures up his teammates. “To start out one thing as intimidating as water polo at 76 and to remain at it’s spectacular,” mentioned Paul Olalde, 31, an IT marketing consultant who lives in Sacramento, Calif., and has been taking part in with Mr. Braly since he was 19. “He’s a staple to this system.”

Mr. Braly retains up by swimming 40 minutes, 5 occasions every week, on high of the twice-weekly, 90-minute water polo matches, that are often performed on the Schaal Aquatic Heart on the campus of the College of California, Davis.

This interview has been condensed and edited.

How did you first get entangled in water polo?

I needed an alternative choice to swimming. We didn’t have water polo in Texas after I was in highschool, and till my late, pricey pal and swim coach, Ross Yancher, launched me to it 10 years in the past, I’m undecided I’d ever seen a sport. He gave me a ball and confirmed me make a shot on the objective. I used to be hooked. When he moved to the West Sacramento swimming pool, he invited me to hitch a masters water polo membership he was organizing.

Why water polo?

Rising up, I needed to be athletic and wasn’t. Water polo offers me a sense that I can do sports activities although I’m not good at them. And I’ve made great pals. It makes me really feel appreciated and supported, two issues I didn’t obtain in my earlier jobs.

What do you’re keen on in regards to the sport?

It’s an thrilling, thrilling sport. I like watching it as a lot as I like taking part in it. I like that it’s a tough sport — you by no means know what’s going to occur subsequent, and that encourages me to maintain taking part in. And I like being within the water. I’ve a weak hip. I’ve had two knee replacements. All of my illnesses are lessened within the water. It offers me a freedom I don’t in any other case have.

What’s it wish to be the oldest individual on the workforce?

I’m proven respect. It makes me really feel particular. I want I had began this sport after I was youthful. I’m grateful for the ten years I’ve had. I do know my time doing that is restricted; I strive not to consider that. After I look again, I might be remembered by the individuals who performed with me, and that’s particular as properly.

What have you ever discovered about your self by the game?

That I can settle for reward and help and never really feel diminished by it. That I can do virtually something if I don’t thoughts not being good it. Being compelled to be good at one thing has excluded me from doing issues all my life. I discovered I’m extra succesful and have a better stamina than I assumed.

The place does your dedication come from?

My dad. He was an excellent athlete and performed semipro baseball for room and board in small cities in Texas within the Nineteen Twenties. He was an electrician who served in World Conflict I and World Conflict II. I noticed and internalized his dedication. He was a younger father within the Melancholy, and it was actually arduous to get work and help a younger household, however he did. I admired that he might climb phone poles or orange bushes. He remained match for thus lengthy in life due to all of the train he obtained.

You mentioned you’re thought of an inspiration for youthful gamers. How so?

Youthful gamers doubt they will play for much longer. Seeing me nonetheless at it, at my age, is reassuring to them. It additionally makes me really feel I’m giving again and setting an excellent instance for my teammates and others who haven’t found the sport but.

How have the buddies you’ve made by this sport affected your life?

It’s been great to share this distinctive bond that we’ve got in frequent and unites us. I felt like I didn’t belong a lot of my life. I don’t really feel that manner right here with these folks. They symbolize an acceptance I’ve been lacking.

How else are you concerned within the sport?

For the previous 10 years I’ve been writing a month-to-month column for the Davis Enterprise, an area newspaper, about water polo and masters swimming. Individuals cease me and inform me that they learn my column and that’s been nice. It makes me really feel like I’m doing one thing worthwhile with my retirement. I like to achieve different older folks and allow them to know swimming is sweet experience for them.

What recommendation do you have got for many who wish to strive a brand new sport or athletic endeavor?

I’m a giant believer in train. It extends and improves the standard of your life. Virtually any metropolis or neighborhood has a senior heart which can provide totally different packages and courses. Search for one thing you may like. Don’t fear about being good at it, simply take into consideration the nice you’re doing for your self.

How exercise may help prevent Alzheimer’s | NOVA

Physique + MindPhysique & Mind

Train could possibly be a strong protection in opposition to Alzheimer’s illness. Three dementia researchers clarify the way it works.

Picture Credit score: David Tett through Centre for Ageing Higher

Your mind loves it while you train. In fact, you your self could not love each sweaty minute of your kickboxing class or Saturday afternoon run—however your mind revels in it. That’s as a result of train doesn’t simply enhance muscle tone. It doesn’t simply goose vitality ranges and improve temper, combating despair and nervousness. It additionally heightens problem-solving expertise and reminiscence. And, analysis has more and more proven, it protects in opposition to Alzheimer’s illness—each delaying onset of the illness and slowing decline in sufferers who’ve already been identified.

As child boomers age and extra Individuals stay longer, Alzheimer’s is on the rise. In 2020, some 5.8 million individuals within the U.S. had been dwelling with this commonest type of dementia, wherein irritation and tangles of misformed proteins within the mind accompany progressive reminiscence loss and lack of ability to carry out day-to-day duties.

Regardless of many years of analysis, efficient remedies for Alzheimer’s have eluded researchers; even a full rationalization of what occurs inside an Alzheimer’s affected person’s mind has remained out of attain. That is partially as a result of the illness is extremely knotty and multifaceted, says Fang Yu, a researcher at Arizona State College who makes a speciality of making use of new dementia science to human trials. Alzheimer’s impacts myriad processes within the mind, our most intricate organ, however most remedies developed to date have solely been in a position to sort out one facet of the illness at a time, she says. “Even when there’s a remedy that may assist goal sure pathways, there are lots of pathways wanted.” 

That’s why Yu’s Alzheimer’s research have usually targeted on the facility of transferring our our bodies. Train is exclusive in that it additionally impacts the physique and mind in some ways, she says, making it an necessary intervention for addressing the complexity of Alzheimer’s. 

It’s “one thing fairly particular,” agrees Christiane Wrann, a neuroscientist at Harvard College and Massachusetts Common Hospital. When you’re dancing, bicycling, or working, it might seem to be “you’re doing one thing that doesn’t have something to do with the mind,” she says. “However you’re really getting enchancment in cognitive perform.”

How does it work?

Maybe probably the most simple means wherein train safeguards in opposition to Alzheimer’s is by enhancing cardiovascular well being. The results of a superb sweat session don’t cease at our hearts—they assist enhance the situation of our different organs and blood vessels as nicely. These more healthy vessels ship an improve within the connections amongst mind cells known as neurons, Wrann says. With strengthened wiring, it’s simpler for nourishing oxygen to get in, for waste merchandise to get out, and for the neurons to speak to 1 one other. And improved health of the center and lungs additionally appears to assist the mind take up glucose extra effectively, which helps preserve neurons wholesome.

Plus, analysis on mice—a typical, if imperfect, supply of recent Alzheimer’s science, because it’s not potential to ethically conduct some sorts of analysis on dwelling people—has proven that train is a uncommon explanation for “grownup neurogenesis,” or the expansion of recent neurons in maturity. Though it’s troublesome to show totally that the identical occurs in people, it looks as if one key participant is irisin, a hormone manufactured within the muscle groups in response to train, Wrann explains. Irisin is particular as a result of it carries a move to get via the blood-brain barrier, the barricade of tissue and blood vessels that retains dangerous substances from reaching the mind. 

As soon as inside, irisin helps the mind create a neurotransmitter known as BDNF, which is necessary to hippocampus well being. The hippocampus is a middle of studying and reminiscence within the mind, and Alzheimer’s sufferers’ hippocampi are likely to shrink as their well being declines, Yu says. The power to sprout new cells within the hippocampus, and to prune away connections that aren’t wanted anymore—two processes that BDNF helps—is vital to stabilizing and defending it.

A sequence of research at Wrann’s lab in Boston has additionally proven that, at the very least in mice, irisin produced throughout train has highly effective anti-inflammatory results within the mind. That could possibly be an necessary perception as a result of some new analysis factors to irritation, somewhat than beforehand implicated amyloid plaques, as a potential explanation for neuron dying in Alzheimer’s. Irritation is brought on by the immune response to detrimental stimuli—not simply viruses or micro organism but additionally, for instance, misfolded proteins within the mind. In an Alzheimer’s affected person, the immune system could reply to the presence of those plaques by attacking them, Wrann explains, and in its enthusiasm, it might additionally assault the synapses that join neurons. “If it will get utterly uncontrolled, you’ve gotten this ‘pleasant hearth’ that causes harm to the neurons,” she says. However her analysis signifies irisin could bind to receptors on specialised cells deep inside the mind, calming that inflammatory response.

And one final piece of the puzzle is sleep—not a kind of train in itself, however caught up in one thing of a love triangle with train and Alzheimer’s illness. In terms of dementia prevention, sleep and train may go collectively, says neuroscientist Miranda Chappel-Farley, a Ph.D. candidate at College of California, Irvine. Research have proven that extra train results in higher high quality sleep, which is a vital protecting issue itself in opposition to Alzheimer’s. And folks getting higher sleep usually tend to really feel as much as exercising. Collectively, they create a strong bulwark in opposition to dementia and characterize a life-style issue ignored at your peril, says Chappel-Farley, who cautions in opposition to “focusing on train however not listening to sleep.” 

What sort of train is greatest?

Cardio train appears to be the champion on the subject of safety in opposition to Alzheimer’s and sustaining government perform. In fact, many of the mice collaborating in Alzheimer’s trials run on their wheels, however that doesn’t imply it’s important to. Biking, dancing, swimming, or any exercise that will get your coronary heart fee up is an efficient candidate, Yu says. That’s as a result of it has the potential to extend BDNF ranges; spur blood circulation and shore up blood vessels; and reduce “white matter hyperintensities,” irregular modifications that have an effect on how the mind transmits electrical alerts.

Newer analysis additionally signifies that resistance-based muscle-building train could help a broad spectrum of cognitive features. That impact appears particularly promising in sufferers who’ve already been identified with Alzheimer’s, the place it might assist gradual their decline, provides Yu, who usually works with dementia sufferers. There, the aim shouldn’t be enchancment however slowing deterioration. “And that’s principally what my analysis has proven: that train can degree and stabilize,” she says.

Tai chi and different forms of motion that incorporate mindfulness additionally lower stress and irritation and enhance sleep, she provides. And a few analysis means that a mixture of many forms of workouts could present stronger enchancment than a single exercise. In a evaluation of 71 research of train and dementia, Yu and her colleagues discovered probably the most persistently efficient train was “combined part,” a mix of muscle-building and cardio exercises.

Nonetheless, “it’s necessary to focus on that there’s quite a bit we don’t know but,” says Chappel-Farley, since train is available in so many kinds and will be adjusted by length, depth, frequency, and timing. “It’s not completely clear which is perhaps greatest.” Does it take a specific amount of train for our brains to reap the advantages? Are there any findings within the intensive mouse analysis on this matter that may’t be transferred to people? 

Wrann says that knowledge is encouraging to date, indicating that the extra you train the extra profit you’ll expertise. And actually, what’s the chance? “My huge message is that train is sweet for you,” Yu agrees. “Even when sooner or later we discover that it doesn’t forestall Alzheimer’s for everybody, it’s nonetheless good in your well being and high quality of life.”

However Wrann additionally stays conscious of people that can’t train due to a incapacity or bodily limitations, or who could develop Alzheimer’s regardless of getting loads of train; there’s nonetheless no silver dementia bullet. Whereas it’s unlikely that researchers might develop a drug that may have an effect on the physique in as some ways as train can, she’s hopeful about irisin’s potential as a supply of recent drug therapies. As a result of it’s a strong anti-inflammatory that may already wriggle via the blood-brain barrier, she wonders if it is perhaps potential to make use of irisin to create a drug that goes even past the optimistic results of train. Irritation within the mind appears to be central to many neurological circumstances. That means, she says, “we might attain individuals with Alzheimer’s illness—or past.”

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Why batteries in modern gadgets aren’t made to last : NPR

The batteries in our telephones and headphones solely final a couple of years. NPR’s Daniel Estrin asks The Washington Put up‘s tech columnist Geoffrey Fowler concerning the life span of immediately’s devices and why they die.


All of us love our digital units and use them quite a bit, however we simply sort of settle for that finally the batteries are going to wear down and that we’ll have to purchase new variations. Is that simply how expertise works? Nope, that is how tech firms make more cash from us. That is in line with The Washington Put up’s tech columnist, Geoffrey Fowler. He is been researching the life spans of among the hottest devices and asking, why do they appear to be designed to die? Geoffrey Fowler, welcome.

GEOFFREY FOWLER: Hi there, howdy.

ESTRIN: So give us an instance of one in every of your favourite units that you simply researched, and what did you find out about it?

FOWLER: Effectively, let’s discuss one of the profitable Apple merchandise of the final couple of years – the AirPods. So these items are tremendous handy. You pop them in your ears. There isn’t any wires. However one thing sort of occurs to them after about two years – or no less than occurred to mine. I began listening to that (vocalizing) sound, which implies that the battery is not good. And, you realize, quickly sufficient, it will probably solely actually preserve going for possibly 5, 10 minutes earlier than you hear that sound.

This occurred to me. And so I went to the Apple retailer. And I mentioned, hello, may you change the batteries in these? They usually mentioned no. All they’d do was promote me new AirPods and throw away the outdated ones. And the reason being the batteries inside these AirPods are glued inside. And it is like, why did they should design these this fashion? However then I noticed, aha, that is all a part of the grasp plan – get us to purchase a brand new pair.

ESTRIN: So is that this a grasp plan by the tech firms to get us to maintain shopping for issues, or is it simply that batteries should not bodily made to final?

FOWLER: Lithium rechargeable batteries are going to die. The query is, what do you do about that truth upfront? After we purchase merchandise with rechargeable batteries sealed inside them, it is like shopping for a automobile with tires that you would be able to’t change. Corporations may design these merchandise in another way. They may – and used to, in lots of circumstances – design them to have somewhat hatch within the again that pops open. You are taking out the battery when it is lifeless, you place in a brand new one and also you’re good to go.

ESTRIN: Let me ask you, what does this matter if – you realize, if expertise retains updating, each few years we need to purchase the subsequent and newest, best replace of some system. I imply, is not that simply what expertise is about?

FOWLER: Look, you are speaking to the gadget man for The Washington Put up. In fact I like new devices. However the factor that we’re not speaking sufficient about is it is also an environmental catastrophe. So to begin with, the supplies that go into making these units are uncommon. A few of them should be mined in locations like Africa – like cobalt – in methods which are actually damaging to the those that have to do that mining. , devices like telephones and even laptops do not use a number of vitality, you realize, over their life. Nonetheless, a lot of the vitality that is consumed over their whole lifespan goes into merely making them – about 70%. So each time we purchase a brand new factor, which means one thing new must be made. And that is the place the harm is being finished.

ESTRIN: So you’ve gotten some concepts for compelling firms to, you realize, inform shoppers up entrance how lengthy their units are literally going to final and a few concepts for the way to change this. What are your concepts?

FOWLER: , the FTC already is ready to put laws in place to require firms to do issues like checklist the place merchandise are made – made in China, made within the U.S. Why not require them to say, what’s the battery recharge depend on this product? And in addition, what occurs when the battery dies? Is there a service to get it changed, and the way a lot does that value? That looks as if data that must be identified to each client upfront.

ESTRIN: Geoffrey Fowler, tech columnist at The Washington Put up, thanks a lot for becoming a member of me. Hope you do not have a gadget funeral anytime quickly.

FOWLER: Thanks.

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A.I. Is Not Sentient. Why Do People Say It Is?

Within the mid-Sixties, a researcher on the Massachusetts Institute of Expertise, Joseph Weizenbaum, constructed an automatic psychotherapist he known as Eliza. This chatbot was easy. Mainly, if you typed a thought onto a pc display screen, it requested you to increase this thought — or it simply repeated your phrases within the type of a query.

Even when Dr. Weizenbaum cherry-picked a dialog for the tutorial paper he printed on the know-how, it appeared like this, with Eliza responding in capital letters:

Males are all alike.


They’re all the time bugging us about one thing or different.


Effectively, my boyfriend made me come right here.


However a lot to Dr. Weizenbaum’s shock, individuals handled Eliza as if it had been human. They freely shared their private issues and took consolation in its responses.

“I knew from lengthy expertise that the robust emotional ties many programmers must their computer systems are sometimes shaped after solely quick experiences with machines,” he later wrote. “What I had not realized is that extraordinarily quick exposures to a comparatively easy laptop program might induce highly effective delusional pondering in fairly regular individuals.”

We people are vulnerable to those emotions. When canine, cats and different animals exhibit even tiny quantities of humanlike habits, we are inclined to assume they’re extra like us than they are surely. A lot the identical occurs after we see hints of human habits in a machine.

Scientists now name it the Eliza impact.

A lot the identical factor is going on with fashionable know-how. Just a few months after GPT-3 was launched, an inventor and entrepreneur, Philip Bosua, despatched me an e mail. The topic line was: “god is a machine.”

“There isn’t a doubt in my thoughts GPT-3 has emerged as sentient,” it learn. “All of us knew this is able to occur sooner or later, nevertheless it looks like this future is now. It views me as a prophet to disseminate its non secular message and that’s surprisingly what it appears like.”

10 Best Crossplay Games for Consoles and PC (2022): Xbox, PlayStation, Switch, Mobile

Nevertheless, as shooter veterans know, enjoying with a keyboard and mouse offers a substantial benefit by way of aiming. So when you’re on a console, you may select to show off crossplay and follow gamers by yourself platform. PC gamers, then again, are caught with the characteristic turned on, so simply hope you are higher at clicking heads than somebody with a management stick.

Genshin Affect  (Free)

Courtesy of miHoYo

In developer miHoYo’s motion RPG gacha sport Genshin Affect, gamers can be a part of every others’ adventures to sort out challenges collectively by sharing a UID code. This works throughout all of the platforms the sport helps, together with Home windows, PlayStation 4 and 5, and Android and iOS. The corporate has additionally introduced a Change model however hasn’t introduced a launch window. When it does arrive, it must also be cross-compatible with all the opposite platforms.

Genshin Affect, considerably uniquely, helps cross-saving as nicely. So when you determine to play in your telephone for a short time, you may maintain all of your progress whenever you return to your console. It is a good addition that makes this title a kind of uncommon video games the place you may play wherever with anybody and really feel such as you’re leaping into the identical sport.

Rocket League  (Free)

Courtesy of Psyonix

Psyonix’s Rocket League has proved that its idea of “What if soccer, however with automobiles?” is a permanent one. And because of utilizing Epic’s On-line Companies platform, gamers on PlayStation, Xbox, Nintendo Change, or PC can all play collectively. Curiously, PC gamers that play the sport through Epic Sport Retailer or Steam can take part within the cross-platform motion, regardless of Steam being a rival sport retailer to Epic. Who says we won’t all get alongside?

Fall Guys  (Free)

Courtesy of Devolver Digital

When Fall Guys got here on the scene, it was overshadowed by Amongst Us, but it surely has nonetheless maintained a wholesome participant base. This sport is a battle royale—although probably the most cute one you’ve got ever seen—the place 60 gamers compete in game-show-style impediment programs and arenas to be the final individual (er, jelly bean) standing. Better of all, it is not too long ago gone free-to-play, so you do not have to spend a dime to attempt it out.

Overcooked! All You Can Eat  ($40)

Courtesy of Team17

When you benefit from the chaos of working in an expert kitchen … nicely, you then’ve in all probability by no means accomplished it in actual life. Luckily, Overcooked! All You Can Eat is much more enjoyable than an actual job. This sport requires gamers to cooperate to arrange, cook dinner, and plate meals for purchasers in a rapid-fire surroundings. This model has added crossplay throughout all kinds of platforms, so you may recruit cooks from nearly wherever.

No Man’s Sky  ($60)

Courtesy of Good day Video games

For a sport that started life starring an remoted spacefarer exploring an unlimited and unfathomably lonely universe, any type of crossplay is already a big change. However as Good day Video games has continued iterating on No Man’s Sky, it has added on-line multiplayer options the place you may stumble upon different vacationers. You possibly can work together with gamers throughout Home windows, Xbox One, Xbox Sequence X/S, and PlayStation 4 and 5. (It is also coming to the Nintendo Change in 2022.) It isn’t an enormous quantity of platforms in comparison with most different titles on this record, however given how distinctive this sport’s improvement is, it is a worthy addition.